Symbiotic Plant Biomass Decomposition in Fungus-Growing Termites
AbstractTermites are among the most successful animal groups, accomplishing nutrient acquisition through long-term associations and enzyme provisioning from microbial symbionts. Fungus farming has evolved only once in a single termite sub-family: Macrotermitinae. This sub-family has become a dominant decomposer in the Old World; through enzymatic contributions from insects, fungi, and bacteria, managed in an intricate decomposition pathway, the termites obtain near-complete utilisation of essentially any plant substrate. Here we review recent insights into our understanding of the process of plant biomass decomposition in fungus-growing termites. To this end, we outline research avenues that we believe can help shed light on how evolution has shaped the optimisation of plant-biomass decomposition in this complex multipartite symbiosis. View Full-Text
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da Costa, R.R.; Hu, H.; Li, H.; Poulsen, M. Symbiotic Plant Biomass Decomposition in Fungus-Growing Termites. Insects 2019, 10, 87.
da Costa RR, Hu H, Li H, Poulsen M. Symbiotic Plant Biomass Decomposition in Fungus-Growing Termites. Insects. 2019; 10(4):87.Chicago/Turabian Style
da Costa, Rafael R.; Hu, Haofu; Li, Hongjie; Poulsen, Michael. 2019. "Symbiotic Plant Biomass Decomposition in Fungus-Growing Termites." Insects 10, no. 4: 87.
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