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Open AccessArticle

House Flies (Musca domestica) Pose a Risk of Carriage and Transmission of Bacterial Pathogens Associated with Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD)

1
Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
2
Arthropod-borne Animal Diseases Research Unit, USDA-ARS, 1515 College Avenue, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
3
Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Center for Zoonoses, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Central European Institute of Technology, 61242 Brno, Czech Republic
4
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Mendel University, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(10), 358; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10100358
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 17 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control of House Flies and Stable Flies)
House flies are important nuisance pests in a variety of confined livestock operations. More importantly, house flies are known mechanical vectors of numerous animal and human pathogens. Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an economically important, complex illness of cattle associated with several bacteria and viruses. The role of flies in the ecology and transmission of bacterial pathogens associated with BRD is not understood. Using culture-dependent and culture-independent methods, we examined the prevalence of the BRD bacterial complex Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida and Histophilus somni in house flies collected in a commercial feedlot from a pen with cattle exhibiting apparent BRD symptoms. Using both methods, M. haemolytica was detected in 11.7% of house flies, followed by P. multocida (5.0%) and H. somni (3.3%). The presence of BRD bacterial pathogens in house flies suggests that this insect plays a role in the ecology of BRD pathogens and could pose a risk as a potential reservoir and/or a vector of BRD pathogens among individual cattle and in their environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: bovine respiratory disease; house fly; bacterial pathogen; cattle bovine respiratory disease; house fly; bacterial pathogen; cattle
MDPI and ACS Style

Neupane, S.; Nayduch, D.; Zurek, L. House Flies (Musca domestica) Pose a Risk of Carriage and Transmission of Bacterial Pathogens Associated with Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD). Insects 2019, 10, 358.

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