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Article

Interspecific Competition between the House Fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) and Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) When Reared on Poultry Manure

Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, 2475 TAMU, College Station, TX 77845, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(12), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10120440
Received: 9 November 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 7 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control of House Flies and Stable Flies)
Few studies have examined the competitive interaction between the house fly (HF) and the black soldier fly (BSF). The fact that the BSF deters HF oviposition is widely cited in BSF literature, but this interaction has not been assessed in over three decades. In this study, the competitive interaction of BSF and HF larvae was observed on fresh (day 0) and aged poultry manure (manure aged for two, four, six, or eight days). Specifically, a priority effect study was conducted to determine if colonization sequence influences time to first pupariation (HF) or pre-pupation (BSF), survivorship, and weight. Results show >70% of HFs reached pupariation in all treatments except when placed on manure eight days after the initial inoculation with BSF. However, age of the resource negatively impacted time to first pupariation and puparium weight when HFs were reared alone or introduced two to eight days after BSF. No BSF pre-pupae resulted from treatments in which HFs were the pioneering species. BSFs reached the highest percent pre-pupation when reared alone on fresh manure, but BSFs may be more susceptible to the negative impacts of an aging resource, as no pre-pupae were observed when provided with six- or eight-day-old manure. Similar to HFs, age of the resource may have impacted development and survivorship; other factors such as moisture content, chemical composition, and amount of resource provided may have also impacted our results. These data may be useful in implementing BSFs as biological control agents of the HF, as well provide valuable information for facilities mass-producing HFs or BSFs for food or feed. View Full-Text
Keywords: mass-production; priority effect; biological control mass-production; priority effect; biological control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miranda, C.D.; Cammack, J.A.; Tomberlin, J.K. Interspecific Competition between the House Fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) and Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) When Reared on Poultry Manure. Insects 2019, 10, 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10120440

AMA Style

Miranda CD, Cammack JA, Tomberlin JK. Interspecific Competition between the House Fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) and Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) When Reared on Poultry Manure. Insects. 2019; 10(12):440. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10120440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miranda, Chelsea D., Jonathan A. Cammack, and Jeffery K. Tomberlin 2019. "Interspecific Competition between the House Fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) and Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) When Reared on Poultry Manure" Insects 10, no. 12: 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10120440

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