Next Article in Journal
Survival and Development of Striacosta albicosta (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Immature Stages on Dry Beans, non-Bt, Cry1F, and Vip3A Maize
Next Article in Special Issue
The Neurophysiological Bases of the Impact of Neonicotinoid Pesticides on the Behaviour of Honeybees
Previous Article in Journal
Microbial Control of Invasive Forest Pests with Entomopathogenic Fungi: A Review of the Current Situation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Neuroethology of the Waggle Dance: How Followers Interact with the Waggle Dancer and Detect Spatial Information
Open AccessReview

The Role of Landscapes and Landmarks in Bee Navigation: A Review

Section of Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution, Division of Biological Sciences, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(10), 342; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10100342
Received: 31 August 2019 / Revised: 8 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior)
The ability of animals to explore landmarks in their environment is essential to their fitness. Landmarks are widely recognized to play a key role in navigation by providing information in multiple sensory modalities. However, what is a landmark? We propose that animals use a hierarchy of information based upon its utility and salience when an animal is in a given motivational state. Focusing on honeybees, we suggest that foragers choose landmarks based upon their relative uniqueness, conspicuousness, stability, and context. We also propose that it is useful to distinguish between landmarks that provide sensory input that changes (“near”) or does not change (“far”) as the receiver uses these landmarks to navigate. However, we recognize that this distinction occurs on a continuum and is not a clear-cut dichotomy. We review the rich literature on landmarks, focusing on recent studies that have illuminated our understanding of the kinds of information that bees use, how they use it, potential mechanisms, and future research directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: landmark detection; salience; visual information; multimodal navigation; Apis mellifera landmark detection; salience; visual information; multimodal navigation; Apis mellifera
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kheradmand, B.; Nieh, J.C. The Role of Landscapes and Landmarks in Bee Navigation: A Review. Insects 2019, 10, 342.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop