Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of NEON Data to Model Spatio-Temporal Tick Dynamics in Florida
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Vegetation Strips, Fertilizer Levels and Varietal Resistance on the Integrated Management of Arthropod Biodiversity in a Tropical Rice Ecosystem
Previous Article in Journal
Population Genetic Structure of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Korea
Previous Article in Special Issue
Interactions between Fungal-Infected Helicoverpa armigera and the Predator Chrysoperla externa
Open AccessArticle

Diverging Effects of Landscape Factors and Inter-Row Management on the Abundance of Beneficial and Herbivorous Arthropods in Andalusian Vineyards (Spain)

1
Institute of Zoology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU), 1180 Vienna, Austria
2
Institute for Sustainable Agriculture-CSIC, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
3
Institute of Integrative Nature Conservation Research, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU), 1180 Vienna, Austria
4
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU), 1180 Vienna, Austria
5
Departamento de Protección Ambiental, Grupo de Protección Vegetal, Estación Experimental de Zaidín, CSIC, 18008 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(10), 320; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10100320
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 26 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pest Management in Sustainable Farming Systems)
Land use at landscape and field scales can increase the diversity and abundance of natural enemies for pest control. In this study, we investigated interactions between landscape elements (semi-natural vegetation, olive orchards, vineyards, other agricultural areas) and inter-row management (vegetation cover vs. bare soil) in relation to arthropod populations in Andalusian vineyards. Arthropods were collected from grapevine foliage in 15 vineyards using suction sampling. Landscape structure was analyzed within a 750 m radius surrounding the studied vineyards. Arthropods were categorized into functional groups (predators, parasitoids, herbivores), and their responses to the most influencing factors were analyzed by likelihood methods and model selection. Of the total of 650 arthropods collected, 48% were predators, 33% herbivores and 19% parasitoids. Numbers of predatory aeolothrips, parasitoids and herbivorous cicadas in the study vineyards decreased with an increased proportion of vineyards in the surroundings. Spider populations in vineyards increased with increasing proportions of other agricultural fields (non-flowering crops) in the surroundings. Semi-natural elements and olive orchards had no influence on the abundance of collected arthropods. We observed synergistic effects between landscape elements and inter-row management. The total numbers of arthropods, herbivores and parasitoids in vineyards benefitted from inter-row vegetation, while spiders benefitted from bare soil. Our findings underline the importance of both surrounding landscape elements and vineyard ground cover management to promote beneficial arthropods for potential natural pest control. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroecosystems; arthropods; biological control; management effects; landscape ecology; viticulture; ecosystem services agroecosystems; arthropods; biological control; management effects; landscape ecology; viticulture; ecosystem services
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Judt, C.; Guzmán, G.; Gómez, J.A.; Cabezas, J.M.; Entrenas, J.A.; Winter, S.; Zaller, J.G.; Paredes, D. Diverging Effects of Landscape Factors and Inter-Row Management on the Abundance of Beneficial and Herbivorous Arthropods in Andalusian Vineyards (Spain). Insects 2019, 10, 320.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop