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Article

Mapping the Micro-Abrasion Mechanisms of CoCrMo: Some Thoughts on Varying Ceramic Counterface Diameter on Transition Boundaries In Vitro

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 75 Montrose St., Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Wolfson Centre, 106 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NW, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Lubricants 2020, 8(7), 71; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants8070071
Received: 24 May 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
The micro-abrasion wear mechanisms for CoCrMo against variable size alumina balls, representing typical artificial femoral head sizes, were investigated over a range of applied loads in foetal calf serum solution. SEM analysis of resulting wear scars displayed two-body and mixed-mode abrasion modes of wear. The wear factor, κ, was found to range between 0.86 and 22.87 (10−6 mm3/Nm). Micro-abrasion mechanism and wastage maps were constructed for the parameter range tested. A dominant two- to three-body abrasion regime was observed with an increasing load and ball diameter. The 28-mm ball diameter displayed the lowest wastage, with an increasing load. Proteins may act to reduce the severity of contact between abrasive particles and bearing surfaces. Wear volumes did not necessarily increase linearly with applied load and ball diameter; therefore, there is a need to develop more accurate models for wear prediction during micro-abrasion conditions. Wear mapping for hip replacements could provide a useful aid for pre-clinical hip wear evaluations and long-term performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro-abrasion; ceramic-on-metal; artificial hip; CoCrMo; wear maps micro-abrasion; ceramic-on-metal; artificial hip; CoCrMo; wear maps
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sadiq, K.; Sim, M.A.; Black, R.A.; Stack, M.M. Mapping the Micro-Abrasion Mechanisms of CoCrMo: Some Thoughts on Varying Ceramic Counterface Diameter on Transition Boundaries In Vitro. Lubricants 2020, 8, 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants8070071

AMA Style

Sadiq K, Sim MA, Black RA, Stack MM. Mapping the Micro-Abrasion Mechanisms of CoCrMo: Some Thoughts on Varying Ceramic Counterface Diameter on Transition Boundaries In Vitro. Lubricants. 2020; 8(7):71. https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants8070071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sadiq, Kamran, Mark A. Sim, Richard A. Black, and Margaret M. Stack. 2020. "Mapping the Micro-Abrasion Mechanisms of CoCrMo: Some Thoughts on Varying Ceramic Counterface Diameter on Transition Boundaries In Vitro" Lubricants 8, no. 7: 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants8070071

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