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Lubricants 2018, 6(3), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants6030076

Improved Tribocorrosion Resistance of a CoCrMo Implant Material by Carburising

1
Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, University of Malta, Msida MSD 2080, Malta
2
Bodycote Hardiff GmbH, 86899 Landsberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 28 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribocorrosion of Surface Engineered Materials)
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Abstract

Tribocorrosion damage is a cause for the premature failure of hip implants made of cobalt-based alloys. Low-temperature carburising can be a plausible solution towards mitigating the tribocorrosion damage of articulating components. This diffusion treatment introduces a supersaturated carbon solid solution, termed S-phase, which hardens the CoCrMo alloy without detriment to the corrosion resistance. This work investigates and compares the tribocorrosion behaviour of untreated and carburised ASTM F1537 CoCrMo alloys tested in Ringer’s solution using a reciprocating sliding configuration against a polycrystalline alumina counterface under different electrochemical conditions. The research shows that whereas the carburised alloy suffered a slightly higher wear loss under a cathodic potential, it was able to reduce the material losses considerably when tested under both open circuit and anodic potential conditions. Under anodic conditions material losses by corrosion due to wear dominated. The better tribocorrosion resistance of the carburised layer was attributed to the better qualities of the passive film for the carburised sample coupled with an increased load support. View Full-Text
Keywords: tribocorrosion; CoCrMo alloy; carburising; S-phase; expanded austenite tribocorrosion; CoCrMo alloy; carburising; S-phase; expanded austenite
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Cassar, J.; Mallia, B.; Mazzonello, A.; Karl, A.; Buhagiar, J. Improved Tribocorrosion Resistance of a CoCrMo Implant Material by Carburising. Lubricants 2018, 6, 76.

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