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Open AccessArticle

Testing of WS2 Nanoparticles Functionalized by a Humin-Like Shell as Lubricant Additives

Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials & Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 5290002, Israel
Department of Science, Holon Academic Institute of Technology, 52 Golomb St., P.O. Box 305, Holon 5810201, Israel
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Lubricants 2018, 6(1), 3;
Received: 2 November 2017 / Revised: 1 January 2018 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 4 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Lubricant Additives)
Nanoparticles of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) have been known to reduce friction and wear when added to oil-type liquid lubricants. Aggregation limits the ability of the nanoparticles to penetrate into the interface between the two rubbing surfaces—an important factor in friction reduction mechanisms. Doping has been successfully used to reduce agglomeration, but it must be done in the production process of the nanoparticles. The use of surface-functionalized nanoparticles is less common than doping. Nonetheless, it has the potential to reduce agglomeration and thereby improve the reduction of friction and wear. In this study, we present the results of preliminary tribological ball-on-flat tests performed with WS2 nanoparticles functionalized by a humin-like conformal shell, as additives to polyalphaolefin-4 (PAO-4) oil. We tested WS2 inorganic nanotubes (INTs) and two grades of inorganic fullerene-like nanoparticles (IFs). The shell/coating was found to improve friction reduction for IFs but not for INTs through better dispersion in the oil. The thicker the coating on the IFs, the less agglomerated they were. Coated industrial-grade IFs were found, by far, to be the best additive for friction reduction. We suggest the combination between reduced agglomeration and poor crystallinity as the reason for this result. View Full-Text
Keywords: lubricant additive; oil; nanoparticles; WS2; functionalization lubricant additive; oil; nanoparticles; WS2; functionalization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sade, H.; Moshkovich, A.; Lellouche, J.-P.; Rapoport, L. Testing of WS2 Nanoparticles Functionalized by a Humin-Like Shell as Lubricant Additives. Lubricants 2018, 6, 3.

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