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On the Age of Galactic Bulge CSPNe: Too Young and Complicated?

Department of Physics, C.Y.M. Physics Building, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
Laboratory for Space Research, The University of Hong Kong, Block A, Cyberport 4, 100 Cyberport Rd, Cyberport, Hong Kong, China
Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Galaxies 2020, 8(2), 51;
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 14 June 2020 / Published: 18 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplans II: Workshop for Planetary Nebula Observations)
We present preliminary results of our study of a small sample of planetary nebulae in the Galactic Bulge for which high-angular resolution Hubble Space Telescope imaging is available. From this and from archival spectroscopy, we were able to calculate temperatures and luminosities for their central stars. These were then correlated to up-to-date evolutionary tracks found in the literature to help us estimate stellar masses and therefore ages for the central stars. Our current analysis indicates that our sample appears to represent a somewhat mixed population of planetary nebulae central stars, while at least one of the nebulae might have been formed by a more massive progenitor (i.e., M ZAMS 4 M ). View Full-Text
Keywords: planetary nebulae; white dwarfs; stellar evolution planetary nebulae; white dwarfs; stellar evolution
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Lykou, F.; Zijlstra, A.; Parker, Q.A. On the Age of Galactic Bulge CSPNe: Too Young and Complicated? Galaxies 2020, 8, 51.

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