|(Millions)||Per 100 Inhabitants|
|Active mobile-broadband subscriptions|
|Individuals using the Internet|
3. Methods, Results and Discussion
3.1. Resource Identification
3.2. Selection of Studies
- Would focus on smoking cessation
- Would be peer reviewed
- Would be in English Language only
- Would have mobile phone as one of the modes of communication throughout the intervention
- Study should include at least a randomized controlled trial or quasi-experimental controlled trial
- Should have mobile phone as a primary mode of communication in the intervention
- Behavior change for smoking cessation was one of the major intervention outcomes.
|Type of Intervention||Description||References|
|Mode of Smoking Cessation Intervention Delivery||Smoking cessation intervention SMS/Multi Media Messages||[5,10,11,19,20,21,22,23]|
|SMS & Internet||[4,6,12,24,25]|
|Mobile/Telephone for Telecounselling||[26,27]|
|Personal Tailoring of SMS||Tailoring of SMS done on the basis of participant name, gender, age, participant history, goals and medical condition||[5,6,10,11,19,20,21,24,25]|
|User Initiated Craving Support||Quit help lines of motivational messages triggered by a CRAVE or HELP message from the participant||[4,5,19,20,21,25]|
3.3. Data Extraction and Synthesis
3.4. Characteristics of Studies
3.5. Smoking Cessation Interventions
3.5.1. Mobile Interventions
- SMS based quit smoking services
- Multimedia messages based service (Not as widely used and tested as the first two)
3.5.2. Mobile based Smoking Cessation Intervention Designs
3.6. Overall Findings
- None of the studies include System Framework/Design component for behavior change services. mHealth applications are integrated with health information systems in advanced countries, where data are shared both by community health workers (CHWs) and clinicians. Although the quality of mHealth services largely depends on the quality of Information Systems (IS)/technology designs, this study found a paucity of research focusing on this stream. Lack of studies on multi-intervention services for behavior change using Smartphones
- None of the studies include user acceptance tests of the smoking cessation services.
Conflicts of Interest
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