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Article

The COVID-19 Pandemic as an Impulse for the Development of Telemedicine in Primary Care in Poland

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Satellite Campus in Warsaw, University of Humanities and Economics in Lodz, 90-212 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Management and Logistics in Healthcare, Medical University of Lodz, 90-131 Lodz, Poland
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Center of Security Technologies in Logistics, Faculty of Management, University of Lodz, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
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Lazarski University, 02-662 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Social Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, 90-131 Lodz, Poland
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Center of Excellence “TeleOrto” for Telediagnostics and Treatment of Disorders and Injuries of the Locomotor System, Department of Medical Informatics and Telemedicine, Medical University of Warsaw, 00-581 Warsaw, Poland
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Polish Telemedicine and eHealth Society, 03-728 Warsaw, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Francesco Amenta and Gopi Battineni
J. Pers. Med. 2022, 12(7), 1165; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071165
Received: 5 June 2022 / Revised: 13 July 2022 / Accepted: 14 July 2022 / Published: 18 July 2022
Telemedicine gives a safe and effective way of providing healthcare. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it was possible to offer teleconsultations in primary care (Primary Care Teleconsultation-PCT). The study aimed to present an analysis of the PCTs served in the years 2020–2021 in the field of primary care in Poland to determine how the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to the development of telemedicine in primary care in Poland. The database, containing a list of medical services provided remotely obtained from the National Health Fund, was analyzed. Economic and tax indicators obtained from the Ministry of Finance were also analyzed. Personal Income Tax (PIT) value was used as an indicator of household wealth, and the Corporate Income Tax (CIT) was used as an indicator of economic activity in individual counties for 2019. Along with the COVID-19 pandemic, patients as healthcare beneficiaries can take advantage of previously unserved telemedicine services as part of primary care. The data analysis showed that, along with the introduced recommendations and restrictions in connection with the pandemic, the number of teleconsultations in 2021 increased compared to 2020. In response to the pandemic, an educational campaign targeted older patients. These indicate the most significant percentage of PCTs among patients aged 70 and older. The study shows that the awareness barrier in implementing services for the elderly population decreased significantly. There was a clear correlation between the increase in PCTs and patient age. View Full-Text
Keywords: telemedicine; patient; virtual primary care; teleconsultation; COVID-19 telemedicine; patient; virtual primary care; teleconsultation; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Furlepa, K.; Śliwczyński, A.; Kamecka, K.; Kozłowski, R.; Gołębiak, I.; Cichońska-Rzeźnicka, D.; Marczak, M.; Glinkowski, W.M. The COVID-19 Pandemic as an Impulse for the Development of Telemedicine in Primary Care in Poland. J. Pers. Med. 2022, 12, 1165. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071165

AMA Style

Furlepa K, Śliwczyński A, Kamecka K, Kozłowski R, Gołębiak I, Cichońska-Rzeźnicka D, Marczak M, Glinkowski WM. The COVID-19 Pandemic as an Impulse for the Development of Telemedicine in Primary Care in Poland. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2022; 12(7):1165. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Furlepa, Kamila, Andrzej Śliwczyński, Karolina Kamecka, Remigiusz Kozłowski, Izabela Gołębiak, Dominika Cichońska-Rzeźnicka, Michał Marczak, and Wojciech Michał Glinkowski. 2022. "The COVID-19 Pandemic as an Impulse for the Development of Telemedicine in Primary Care in Poland" Journal of Personalized Medicine 12, no. 7: 1165. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071165

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