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Article

The Effects of Different Types of Dual Tasking on Balance in Healthy Older Adults

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Fisio-Lógica Centro de Fisioterapia, Lda, 1350-275 Lisboa, Portugal
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Escola Superior de Saúde Atlântica, 2730-036 Barcarena, Portugal
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Laboratório de Comportamento Motor, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1495-688 Cruz Quebrada, Portugal
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Grupo de Patologia Médica, Nutrição e Exercício Clínico (PaMNEC) do Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz (CiiEM), Escola Superior de Saúde Egas Moniz, Caparica, 2829-511 Almada, Portugal
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Neuromuscular Research Lab, CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1495-688 Cruz Quebrada, Portugal
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Physics Department, LIBPhys-UNL, Nova School of Science and Technology, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, 2829-516 Almada, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rajendra D Badgaiyan
J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11(9), 933; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090933
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 5 September 2021 / Accepted: 16 September 2021 / Published: 18 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Personalized Care and Treatment Compliance in Chronic Conditions)
Numerous of our daily activities are performed within multitask or dual task conditions. These conditions involve the interaction of perceptual and motor processes involved in postural control. Age-related changes may negatively impact cognition and balance control. Studies identifying changes related to dual-task actions in older people are need. This study aimed to determine the effects of different types of dual-tasking on the balance control of healthy older adults. The sample included 36 community-living older adults, performing two tests—a sway test and a timed up-and-go test—in three conditions: (a) single motor task; (b) dual motor task; and (c) dual motor task with cognitive demands. Cognitive processes (dual-task and cognition) affected static balance, increasing amplitude (p < 0.001) and frequency (p < 0.001) of the center of mass displacements. Dynamic balance revealed significant differences between the single motor condition and the other two conditions during gait phases (p < 0.001). The effect of dual-tasking in older adults suggests that cognitive processes are a main cause of increased variability in balance and gait when under an automatic control. During sit-to-stand, turning, and turn-to-sit movements under dual-tasking, the perceptive information becomes the most important focus of attention, while any cognitive task becomes secondary. View Full-Text
Keywords: dual-tasking; cognitive function; postural control; older adults dual-tasking; cognitive function; postural control; older adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Barros, G.M.; Melo, F.; Domingos, J.; Oliveira, R.; Silva, L.; Fernandes, J.B.; Godinho, C. The Effects of Different Types of Dual Tasking on Balance in Healthy Older Adults. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 933. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090933

AMA Style

de Barros GM, Melo F, Domingos J, Oliveira R, Silva L, Fernandes JB, Godinho C. The Effects of Different Types of Dual Tasking on Balance in Healthy Older Adults. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2021; 11(9):933. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090933

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Barros, Graça M., Filipe Melo, Josefa Domingos, Raul Oliveira, Luís Silva, Júlio B. Fernandes, and Catarina Godinho. 2021. "The Effects of Different Types of Dual Tasking on Balance in Healthy Older Adults" Journal of Personalized Medicine 11, no. 9: 933. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11090933

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