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Diagnostics 2019, 9(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9010002

The Role of Transabdominal Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Early Stage Pancreatic Cancer: Review and Single-Center Experience

Department of Cancer Survey and Gastrointestinal Oncology, Osaka International Cancer Institute, 3-1-69 Otemae, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541-8567, Japan
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Received: 28 November 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 23 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Early Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer)
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Abstract

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death with a 5-year survival rate less than 10%. In the absence of effective screening methods, such as blood markers, most clinical diagnoses of PC are made at an advanced stage. However, early stage PC is associated with a more favorable five-year survival rate of 85.8% for stage 0, and 68.7% for stage IA. Transabdominal ultrasound (US) is frequently used as a first-line diagnostic tool in the clinical setting and a preferred modality for routine medical evaluations for asymptomatic individuals. Recently published Japanese data show that most PCs diagnosed in early stage had US findings, such as dilated main pancreatic ducts or pancreas cysts. For surveillance of high-risk individuals, such as those with an intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), US is an ideal modality in terms of its non-invasive and cost-effective nature. However, the diagnostic performance of ultrasound varies greatly by the operator’s experience and the patient’s condition. This article reviews the present situation of early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer by US, along with tips for improving visualization of the pancreas. View Full-Text
Keywords: US; pancreatic cancer; early cancer US; pancreatic cancer; early cancer
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Ashida, R.; Tanaka, S.; Yamanaka, H.; Okagaki, S.; Nakao, K.; Fukuda, J.; Nakao, M.; Ioka, T.; Katayama, K. The Role of Transabdominal Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Early Stage Pancreatic Cancer: Review and Single-Center Experience. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 2.

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