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Diagnostics 2019, 9(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9010014

The Effect of Microdialysis Catheter Insertion on Glutamate and Serotonin Levels in Masseter Muscle in Patients with Myofascial Temporomandibular Disorders and Healthy Controls

1
Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, 205 06 Malmö, Sweden
2
Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
3
Centre for Oral Rehabilitation, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, 581 85 Norrköping, Sweden
4
Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, 581 85 Linköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2018 / Revised: 9 January 2019 / Accepted: 19 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
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Abstract

Myofascial temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the most common cause of chronic pain in the orofacial region. Microdialysis has been used to study metabolic changes in the human masseter muscle. The insertion of the microdialysis probe causes acute tissue trauma that could affect the metabolic milieu and thereby influence the results when comparing healthy subjects to those with TMD. This study aimed to investigate the levels of serotonin and glutamate during the acute tissue trauma period in healthy subjects and in patients with TMD. Microdialysis was carried out in 15 patients with TMD and 15 controls, and samples were collected every 20 min during a period of 140 min. No significant alterations of serotonin or glutamate were observed over the 2 h period for the healthy subjects. For the TMD group, a significant decrease in serotonin was observed over time (p < 0.001), followed by a significant increase between 120 and 140 min (p < 0.001). For glutamate, a significant reduction was observed at 40 min compared to baseline. The results showed that there was a spontaneous increase of serotonin 2 h after the insertion of the catheter in patients with TMD. In conclusion, the results showed that there are differences in the masseter muscle levels of serotonin and glutamate during acute nociception in patients with myofascial TMD compared to healthy subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: microdialysis; myofascial temporomandibular disorders; serotonin; glutamate; chronic pain microdialysis; myofascial temporomandibular disorders; serotonin; glutamate; chronic pain
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Bajramaj, E.; Häggman-Henrikson, B.; Dawson, A.; Gerdle, B.; Ghafouri, B. The Effect of Microdialysis Catheter Insertion on Glutamate and Serotonin Levels in Masseter Muscle in Patients with Myofascial Temporomandibular Disorders and Healthy Controls. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 14.

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