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Diagnostics 2018, 8(3), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics8030054

Comparison of X-ray-Mammography and Planar UWB Microwave Imaging of the Breast: First Results from a Patient Study

1
Department of Physics, Goethe University of Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2
Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University Hospital Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 June 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 15 August 2018 / Published: 21 August 2018
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Abstract

Hemispherical and cylindrical antenna arrays are widely used in radar-based and tomography-based microwave breast imaging systems. Based on the dielectric contrast between healthy and malignant tissue, a three-dimensional image could be formed to locate the tumor. However, conventional X-ray mammography as the golden standard in breast cancer screening produces two-dimensional breast images so that a comparison between the 3D microwave image and the 2D mammogram could be difficult. In this paper, we present the design and realisation of a UWB breast imaging prototype for the frequency band from 1 to 9 GHz. We present a refined system design in light of the clinical usage by means of a planar scanning and compare microwave images with those obtained by X-ray mammography. Microwave transmission measurements were processed to create a two-dimensional image of the breast that can be compared directly with a two-dimensional mammogram. Preliminary results from a patient study are presented and discussed showing the ability of the proposed system to locate the tumor. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave breast imaging; UWB diagnostics; patient study microwave breast imaging; UWB diagnostics; patient study
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Wörtge, D.; Moll, J.; Krozer, V.; Bazrafshan, B.; Hübner, F.; Park, C.; Vogl, T.J. Comparison of X-ray-Mammography and Planar UWB Microwave Imaging of the Breast: First Results from a Patient Study. Diagnostics 2018, 8, 54.

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