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Article

Passive Microwave Radiometry for the Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Lung Complications in Kyrgyzstan

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Educational-Scientific Medical Center, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy (KSMA), 720040 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
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Medical Microwave Radiometry LTD, Edinburgh EH10 5LZ, UK
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School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AZ, UK
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Internal Diseases Department, International Medical University (IMU), 720021 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
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RTM Diagnostic, LLC, 55/59 b.1, B. Pochtovaya, 105082 Moscow, Russia
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Faculty of Mathematics and Information Technology, Volgograd State University, 400062 Volgograd, Russia
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Komfort Clinic, 720020 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
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Biological Systems Unit, Okinawa Institute Science and Technology, Kunigami District, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Panos Kosmas, Lorenzo Crocco and Francesca Vipiana
Diagnostics 2021, 11(2), 259; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020259
Received: 23 November 2020 / Revised: 26 January 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 7 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Imaging for a Novel Generation of Medical Devices)
The global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), could be due to limited access to diagnostic tests and equipment. Currently, most diagnoses use the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and chest computed tomography (CT). However, challenges exist with CT use due to infection control, lack of CT availability in low- and middle-income countries, and low RT-PCR sensitivity. Passive microwave radiometry (MWR), a cheap, non-radioactive, and portable technology, has been used for cancer and other diseases’ diagnoses. Here, we tested MWR use first time for the early diagnosis of pulmonary COVID-19 complications in a cross-sectional controlled trial in order to evaluate MWR use in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and healthy individuals. We measured the skin and internal temperature using 30 points identified on the body, for both lungs. Pneumonia and lung damage were diagnosed by both CT scan and doctors’ diagnoses (pneumonia+/pneumonia−). COVID-19 was determined by RT-PCR (covid+/covid−). The best MWR results were obtained for the pneumonia−/covid− and pneumonia+/covid+ groups. The study suggests that MWR could be used for diagnosing pneumonia in COVID-19 patients. Since MWR is inexpensive, its use will ease the financial burden for both patients and countries. Clinical Trial Number: NCT04568525. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; passive microwave radiometry (MWR); infrared radiometry (IR); RT-PCR; CT COVID-19; passive microwave radiometry (MWR); infrared radiometry (IR); RT-PCR; CT
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MDPI and ACS Style

Osmonov, B.; Ovchinnikov, L.; Galazis, C.; Emilov, B.; Karaibragimov, M.; Seitov, M.; Vesnin, S.; Losev, A.; Levshinskii, V.; Popov, I.; Mustafin, C.; Kasymbekov, T.; Goryanin, I. Passive Microwave Radiometry for the Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Lung Complications in Kyrgyzstan. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020259

AMA Style

Osmonov B, Ovchinnikov L, Galazis C, Emilov B, Karaibragimov M, Seitov M, Vesnin S, Losev A, Levshinskii V, Popov I, Mustafin C, Kasymbekov T, Goryanin I. Passive Microwave Radiometry for the Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Lung Complications in Kyrgyzstan. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(2):259. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020259

Chicago/Turabian Style

Osmonov, Batyr, Lev Ovchinnikov, Christopher Galazis, Berik Emilov, Mustafa Karaibragimov, Meder Seitov, Sergey Vesnin, Alexander Losev, Vladislav Levshinskii, Illarion Popov, Chingiz Mustafin, Turat Kasymbekov, and Igor Goryanin. 2021. "Passive Microwave Radiometry for the Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Lung Complications in Kyrgyzstan" Diagnostics 11, no. 2: 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020259

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