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Open AccessArticle

Changes in the 3D Corneal Structure and Morphogeometric Properties in Keratoconus after Corneal Collagen Crosslinking

1
Doctorate Program in Industrial Technologies, International School of Doctorate, Technical University of Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
2
Group of Optics and Visual Perception, Department of Optics, Pharmacology and Anatomy, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
3
Department of Structures, Construction and Graphical Expression, Technical University of Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
4
Department of Research and Development, VISSUM, 03016 Alicante, Spain
5
Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Department, VISSUM, 03016 Alicante, Spain
6
Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Pathology and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Miguel Hernández University, 03202 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2020, 10(6), 397; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10060397
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Corneal and Retinal Diseases: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approaches)
Keratoconus is an ectatic disorder that is presently considered one of the most prevalent reasons for keratoplasty. Corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) is the only proven treatment option available that is capable of halting the progression of the disease by stabilizing the cone in 90% of cases, and by also reducing refractive error and maximal keratometry. This study assesses, by means of a 3D morphogeometric analysis procedure developed by our research team, the corneal structure changes that occur immediately after CXL treatment and during a 6 month follow-up period. A total of 19 eyes from 19 patients diagnosed with keratoconus who underwent CXL were included, and several variables derived from the morphogeometric analysis were calculated and evaluated for the pre-operative, 3 month postoperative, and 6 month postoperative states. Significant reductions were detected in central corneal thickness and corneal spherical-like root mean square (RMS) 3 months after surgery, with non-significant regression of the effect afterward. Significant reductions in the total corneal area/volume were found, with some levels of regression after 6 months in certain volumetric parameters. In conclusion, the eyes with higher values for morphogeometric parameters—posterior apex deviation (PAD), anterior minimum thickness point deviation (AMTPD), and posterior minimum thickness point deviation (PMTPD)—seemed more likely to undergo aberrometric improvement as a result of CXL surgery. View Full-Text
Keywords: anterior segment; tomography; surgery; geometry; CXL anterior segment; tomography; surgery; geometry; CXL
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Alifa, R.; Piñero, D.; Velázquez, J.; Alió del Barrio, J.L.; Cavas, F.; Alió, J.L. Changes in the 3D Corneal Structure and Morphogeometric Properties in Keratoconus after Corneal Collagen Crosslinking. Diagnostics 2020, 10, 397.

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