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Article

The Significance of Fibrosis Quantification as a Marker in Assessing Pseudo-Capsule Status and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Prognosis

by 1,†, 2,†, 3, 4, 1 and 1,*
1
Department of Urology, Peking University People’s Hospital, No. 11, Xi Zhi Men Nan Street, Beijing 100044, China
2
Department of Urology, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, No. 7, Wei Wu Road, Zhengzhou 450003, China
3
Medical Records Statistics Office, Peking University People’s Hospital, No. 11, Xi Zhi Men Nan Street, Beijing 100044, China
4
Peking University Hepatology Institute, Peking University People’s Hospital, No. 11, Xi Zhi Men Nan Street, Beijing 100044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Diagnostics 2020, 10(11), 895; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10110895
Received: 29 August 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 28 October 2020 / Published: 2 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Radiological Imaging in Cancer Histopathology and Staging)
Fibrosis plays an important role in tumor growth and progression, and thus, we aimed to determine whether renal fibrosis is correlated with the clinical and pathological characteristics and prognosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Fibrosis, including intra-tumoral fibrosis (ITF), pseudo-capsule (PC) fibrosis and adjacent normal renal interstitial fibrosis, was evaluated in 73 pairs of ccRCC specimens using second harmonic generation combined with two-photon excitation fluorescence (SHG/TPEF). The clinical and pathological characteristics of the patients who were eligible for the present study were recorded. The associations between fibrosis and clinicopathological parameters were analyzed using a Mann-Whitney U test or logistic regression analysis. Progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox regression model. High-resolution images of fibrosis were captured from unstained slides using the SHG/TPEF approach. Both ITF and PC fibrosis were associated with tumor progression in ccRCC. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed a significant inverse association between the PC collagen proportional area (CPA) and PC invasion (p < 0.05), suggesting that PC CPA is an independent risk factor or marker for PC invasion. A significant decrease in progression-free survival (PFS), determined by Kaplan-Meier curves, was observed for patients with higher PC CPA status compared with those with lower PC CPA status (p < 0.05). Similar results were observed in patients with PC invasion. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, PC invasion and intra-tumoral necrosis were identified as independent prognostic factors for PFS. Our data suggest that ITF and PC fibrosis are associated with ccRCC progression. In addition, PC fibrosis may act as a marker of PC invasion and an effective quantitative measurement for assessing prognosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: ccRCC; fibrosis; pseudo-capsule; invasion; progression-free survival ccRCC; fibrosis; pseudo-capsule; invasion; progression-free survival
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qin, C.; Yin, H.; Liu, H.; Liu, F.; Du, Y.; Xu, T. The Significance of Fibrosis Quantification as a Marker in Assessing Pseudo-Capsule Status and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Prognosis. Diagnostics 2020, 10, 895. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10110895

AMA Style

Qin C, Yin H, Liu H, Liu F, Du Y, Xu T. The Significance of Fibrosis Quantification as a Marker in Assessing Pseudo-Capsule Status and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Prognosis. Diagnostics. 2020; 10(11):895. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10110895

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qin, Caipeng, Huaqi Yin, Huixin Liu, Feng Liu, Yiqing Du, and Tao Xu. 2020. "The Significance of Fibrosis Quantification as a Marker in Assessing Pseudo-Capsule Status and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Prognosis" Diagnostics 10, no. 11: 895. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10110895

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