Next Article in Journal
The Paleomineralogy of the Hadean Eon Revisited
Next Article in Special Issue
Genomic Signals of Adaptation towards Mutualism and Sociality in Two Ambrosia Beetle Complexes
Previous Article in Journal
Autocatalytic Networks at the Basis of Life’s Origin and Organization
Previous Article in Special Issue
Testing the Domino Theory of Gene Loss in Buchnera aphidicola: The Relevance of Epistatic Interactions
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Impact of Rearing Conditions on the Ambrosia Beetle’s Microbiome

1
Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados, Instituto de Ecología A. C., Xalapa C.P. 91070, Mexico
2
Cátedras CONACyT. Instituto de Ecología, A. C., Carretera Antigua a Coatepec 351, Xalapa C.P. 91070, Mexico
3
Red de Biodiversidad y Sistemática, Instituto de Ecología A. C., Xalapa C.P. 91070, Mexico
4
Joint Unit of Research in Genomics and Health, Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencian Community (FISABIO), 46010 Valencia, Spain
5
Institute for Integrative System Biology, University of Valencia-CSIC, 46010 Valencia, Spain
6
Tropical Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Homestead, FL 33031, USA
7
Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria, Unidad Integral de Diagnóstico, Servicios y Constatación, Tecámac, Estado de Mexico 55740, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 December 2018 / Published: 13 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evolution of Mutualistic Symbiosis)
  |  
PDF [3128 KB, uploaded 13 December 2018]
  |  

Abstract

Ambrosia beetles, along with termites and leafcutter ants, are the only fungus-farming lineages within the tree of life. Bacteria harbored by ambrosia beetles may play an essential role in the nutritional symbiotic interactions with their associated fungi; however, little is known about the impact of rearing conditions on the microbiota of ambrosia beetles. We have used culture-independent methods to explore the effect of rearing conditions on the microbiome associated with Xyleborus affinis, Xyleborus bispinatus, and Xyleborus volvulus, evaluating different media in laboratory-controlled conditions and comparing wild and laboratory conditions. Our results revealed that rearing conditions affected the fungal and bacterial microbiome structure and had a strong influence on bacterial metabolic capacities. We propose that the rearing conditions influence the ambrosia-associated fungal and bacterial communities. Furthermore, bacterial microbiome flexibility may help beetles adapt to different substrates. View Full-Text
Keywords: Xyleborus sp.; metabolic capabilities; metagenomics; microbiota; fungus Xyleborus sp.; metabolic capabilities; metagenomics; microbiota; fungus
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ibarra-Juarez, L.A.; Desgarennes, D.; Vázquez-Rosas-Landa, M.; Villafan, E.; Alonso-Sánchez, A.; Ferrera-Rodríguez, O.; Moya, A.; Carrillo, D.; Cruz, L.; Carrión, G.; López-Buenfil, A.; García-Avila, C.; Ibarra-Laclette, E.; Lamelas, A. Impact of Rearing Conditions on the Ambrosia Beetle’s Microbiome. Life 2018, 8, 63.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Life EISSN 2075-1729 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top