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Article

Psycho-Social Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Attending a Family-Centred Prevention and Rehabilitation Programme: EUROACTION Model in Spain

1
Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Frailty and Cognitive Impairment Group (FROG), University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
3
AFIPS Research Group, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
4
Cardiology Service, Hospital General Universitario, 28222 Valencia, Spain
5
Cardiology Department, Valencian Institute of Oncology Foundation, 46009 Valencia, Spain
6
National Institute for Prevention and Cardiovascular Health, National University of Ireland, H91 FF68 Galway, Ireland
7
Cardiovascular Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London (Hammersmith Campus), International Centre for Circulatory Health, London SW3 6LY, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hieronim Jakubowski
Life 2021, 11(2), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020089
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 23 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health Issues and Quality of Life in Older Individuals)
Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) persists as the leading cause of death worldwide. Cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation (CVPR) has an interdisciplinary focus, and includes not only in physiological components, but it also addresses psycho-social factors. Methods: The study analysed the Spanish psycho-social data collected during the EUROACTION study. In Spain, two hospitals were randomised in the Valencia community. Coronary patients were prospectively and consecutively identified in both hospitals. The intervention hospital carried out a 16-week CVPR programme, which aimed to assess illness perceptions and establish healthy behaviours in patients and their partners. Results: Illness perceptions were significantly and inversely associated with anxiety and depression. Low levels of anxiety were associated with better self-management of total cholesterol (p = 0.004) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (p = 0.004). There was concordance at one year among patients and partners who participated in the programme related to anxiety (p < 0.001), fruit consumption (p < 0.001), and vegetable consumption (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The EUROACTION study emphasised the importance of assessing psycho-social factors in a CVPR programme and the inclusion of family as support in patients’ changes in behaviour. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular prevention; nurse-coordinated programme; illness perception; interdisciplinary; anxiety; depression cardiovascular prevention; nurse-coordinated programme; illness perception; interdisciplinary; anxiety; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buigues, C.; Queralt, A.; De Velasco, J.A.; Salvador-Sanz, A.; Jennings, C.; Wood, D.; Trapero, I. Psycho-Social Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Attending a Family-Centred Prevention and Rehabilitation Programme: EUROACTION Model in Spain. Life 2021, 11, 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020089

AMA Style

Buigues C, Queralt A, De Velasco JA, Salvador-Sanz A, Jennings C, Wood D, Trapero I. Psycho-Social Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Attending a Family-Centred Prevention and Rehabilitation Programme: EUROACTION Model in Spain. Life. 2021; 11(2):89. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020089

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buigues, Cristina, Ana Queralt, Jose A. De Velasco, Antonio Salvador-Sanz, Catriona Jennings, David Wood, and Isabel Trapero. 2021. "Psycho-Social Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Attending a Family-Centred Prevention and Rehabilitation Programme: EUROACTION Model in Spain" Life 11, no. 2: 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020089

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