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Article

Muscle Hypertrophy and Architectural Changes in Response to Eight-Week Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Training in Healthy Older People

1
Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Science, Università degli Studi G. d‘Annunzio Chieti e Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
2
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, 16252 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Interuniversitary Institute of Myology (IIM), 66100 Chieti, Italy
4
Neuromuscular Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, 35122 Padova, Italy
5
SMART Lab (Skeleton Movement Analysis & Advanced Rehabilitation Technologies) Bioengineering & Biomedicine Company Srl, 66020 Pescara, Italy
6
Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Life 2020, 10(9), 184; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10090184
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2020 / Accepted: 4 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sarcopenia and Liver Disease: Current and Future Perspectives)
Loss of muscle mass of the lower limbs and of the spine extensors markedly impairs locomotor ability and spine stability in old age. In this study, we investigated whether 8 w of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) improves size and architecture of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and vastus lateralis (VL) along with locomotor ability in healthy older individuals. Eight volunteers (aged 65 ≥ years) performed NMES 3 times/week. Eight sex- and age-matched individuals served as controls. Functional tests (Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSST)), VL muscle architecture (muscle thickness (MT), pennation angle (PA), and fiber length (FL)), along with VL cross-sectional area (CSA) and both sides of LM were measured before and after by ultrasound. By the end of the training period, MT and CSA of VL increased by 8.6% and 11.4%, respectively. No significant increases were observed in FL and PA. LM CSA increased by 5.6% (left) and 7.1% (right). Interestingly, all VL architectural parameters significantly decreased in the control group. The combined NMES had a large significant effect on TUG (r = 0.50, p = 0.046). These results extend previous findings on the hypertrophic effects of NMES training, suggesting to be a useful mean for combating age-related sarcopenia. View Full-Text
Keywords: sarcopenia; neuromuscular electrical stimulation; muscle ultrasound sarcopenia; neuromuscular electrical stimulation; muscle ultrasound
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jandova, T.; Narici, M.V.; Steffl, M.; Bondi, D.; D’Amico, M.; Pavlu, D.; Verratti, V.; Fulle, S.; Pietrangelo, T. Muscle Hypertrophy and Architectural Changes in Response to Eight-Week Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Training in Healthy Older People. Life 2020, 10, 184. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10090184

AMA Style

Jandova T, Narici MV, Steffl M, Bondi D, D’Amico M, Pavlu D, Verratti V, Fulle S, Pietrangelo T. Muscle Hypertrophy and Architectural Changes in Response to Eight-Week Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Training in Healthy Older People. Life. 2020; 10(9):184. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10090184

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jandova, Tereza; Narici, Marco V.; Steffl, Michal; Bondi, Danilo; D’Amico, Moreno; Pavlu, Dagmar; Verratti, Vittore; Fulle, Stefania; Pietrangelo, Tiziana. 2020. "Muscle Hypertrophy and Architectural Changes in Response to Eight-Week Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Training in Healthy Older People" Life 10, no. 9: 184. https://doi.org/10.3390/life10090184

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