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Comparative Study of SPA Mud from “Bacino Idrominerario Omogeneo dei Colli Euganei (B.I.O.C.E.)–Italy” and Industrially Optimized Mud for Skin Applications

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Department of Life Science and Biotechnology, University of Ferrara, Master Course in Cosmetic Science and Tecnology, Via Fossato di Mortara 17–19, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
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Department of Life Sciences, Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Km 2 ½ Puyo-Tena, 160101 Puyo, Equador
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Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
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Ambrosialab s.r.l., via Mortara 171, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Mérieux NutriSciences Italia, Resana, 31023 Treviso, Italy.
Life 2020, 10(6), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10060078
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 10 May 2020 / Accepted: 23 May 2020 / Published: 26 May 2020
The term “Salus per aquam (SPA) therapies” refers to therapeutic pathways that includes mud therapy. The therapeutic efficacy of a peloid depends on its chemical and mineralogical composition, as well as its technological properties. Considering the increasing use of clay-based products, it becomes essential to characterize peloids from a qualitative and quantitative point of view. Therefore, this research project aimed to develop a protocol that allows characterization of the chemical-physical composition of sludges collected from different areas of the Homogeneous Euganean Hills Hydromineral Basin (B.I.O.C.E.). The study established a comparative study both between different matrices and between the same matrices at different maturation times, including also a comparison with an industrialized product, that can be used at home, which maintains the characteristics of a natural mud. This research was developed studying the pH, grain size distribution, and chemical and mineralogical composition. Peloids are characterized by a neutral/basic pH and are divided into two categories from a granulometric point of view: The chemical composition allowed observation of numerous correlations between oxides present in the samples and to quantify the presence of heavy metals. Mineralogical analysis made it possible to identify and compare the composition of each sample, also according to the maturation time. Thanks to the methods adopted, important correlations were achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: mud therapy; SPA muds; SPA treatments; mineralogy; trace elements; heavy metals; cosmetics; granulometry mud therapy; SPA muds; SPA treatments; mineralogy; trace elements; heavy metals; cosmetics; granulometry
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Bergamaschi, B.; Marzola, L.; Radice, M.; Manfredini, S.; Baldini, E.; Vicentini, C.B.; Marrocchino, E.; Molesini, S.; Ziosi, P.; Vaccaro, C.; Vertuani, S. Comparative Study of SPA Mud from “Bacino Idrominerario Omogeneo dei Colli Euganei (B.I.O.C.E.)–Italy” and Industrially Optimized Mud for Skin Applications. Life 2020, 10, 78.

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