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Exercise Training, Intermittent Fasting and Alkaline Supplementation as an Effective Strategy for Body Weight Loss: A 12-Week Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Intervention with Overweight Subjects

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Institute for Performance Diagnostics and Health Promotion, Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg, 06108 Halle, Germany
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NuOmix Research k.s. Applied Nutriomic Research, Martin, 81106 Bratislava, Slovaki
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Faculty of Sport Science, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
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Institute of Sport Science, Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg, 06108 Halle, Germany
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Institute for Prevention and Nutrition, 85737 Ismaning, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Life 2020, 10(5), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10050074
Received: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Medical Research)
Background: Intermittent fasting (IF) combined with exercise has been suggested to enhance weight loss. However, both procedures might negatively influence acid–base status. The aim of this study was to determine the combined effects of IF, exercise training and alkaline supplementation in overweight subjects on body composition and running performance. Methods: 80 overweight subjects of age 45.5 ± 7.8 years were assigned to IF or non-intermittent fasting (nIF). Furthermore, subjects were randomly assigned to take either an alkaline supplement (IF-v, nIF-v) or a placebo (IF-p, nIF-p) twice a day. All subjects performed a personalized endurance exercise program (3–4 times/week for 12 weeks). Body weight, body composition, running performance and acid–base parameters were determined before (pre) and after the 12-week program (post). Results: 68 participants completed the study. There was a significant effect on body weight loss, body fat loss, visceral fat loss and running performance enhancement in all groups (p < 0.01) for pre and post measurements. Body weight decreased in all groups (IF-p: −5.80 ± 0.77 kg and nIF-p: −3.40 ± 0.58 kg; IF-v: −8.28 ± 0.75 kg and nIF-v: −5.59 ± 0.87 kg). In both dietary strategies, weight loss was significantly further enhanced by alkaline supplementation. The increase in running velocity was significantly higher in IF combined with alkaline supplementation (IF-v 1.73 ± 0.23 km/h and IF-p 0.97 ± 0.20 km/h). In addition, alkaline supplementation increased plasma HCO3 concentration and urinary pH. Conclusion: Exercise training in combination with IF and alkaline supplementation is an effective strategy to reduce body weight and improve running performance in a 12-week intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: intermittent fasting; weight loss; running performance; acid–base; alkaline supplementation intermittent fasting; weight loss; running performance; acid–base; alkaline supplementation
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Hottenrott, K.; Werner, T.; Hottenrott, L.; Meyer, T.P.; Vormann, J. Exercise Training, Intermittent Fasting and Alkaline Supplementation as an Effective Strategy for Body Weight Loss: A 12-Week Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Intervention with Overweight Subjects. Life 2020, 10, 74.

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