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Machines 2018, 6(4), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines6040062

Smart Hybrid Manufacturing Control Using Cloud Computing and the Internet-of-Things

School of Industrial Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
This paper is an extended version of our conference paper published in proceedings of the 5th IEEE International Conference on Cloud Networking, Pisa, Italy, 3–5 October 2016: Supporting Hybrid Manufacturing: Bringing Process and Human/Robot Control to the Cloud (Short Paper).
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Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 27 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Manufacturing)
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Abstract

Industry 4.0 is expected to deliver significant gains in productivity by assimilating several technological advancements including cloud computing, the Internet-of-Things, and smart devices. However, it is unclear how these technologies should be leveraged together to deliver the promised benefits. We present the architecture design of an information system that integrates these technologies to support hybrid manufacturing processes, i.e., processes in which human and robotic workers collaborate. We show how well-structured architecture design is the basis for a modular, complex cyber-physical system that provides horizontal, cross-functional manufacturing process management and vertical control of heterogenous work cells. The modular nature allows the extensible cloud support enhancing its accessibility to small and medium enterprises. The information system is designed as part of the HORSE Project: a five-year research and innovation project aimed at making recent technological advancements more accessible to small and medium manufacturing enterprises. The project consortium includes 10 factories to represent the typical problems encountered on the factory floor and provide real-world environments to test and evaluate the developed information system. The resulting information system architecture model is proposed as a reference architecture for a manufacturing operations management system for Industry 4.0. As a reference architecture, it serves two purposes: (1) it frames the scientific inquiry and advancement of information systems for Industry 4.0 and (2) it can be used as a template to develop commercial-grade manufacturing applications for Industry 4.0. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart manufacturing; Industry 4.0; human-robot collaboration smart manufacturing; Industry 4.0; human-robot collaboration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Erasmus, J.; Grefen, P.; Vanderfeesten, I.; Traganos, K. Smart Hybrid Manufacturing Control Using Cloud Computing and the Internet-of-Things. Machines 2018, 6, 62.

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