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Environmental Application of Biogenic Magnetite Nanoparticles to Remediate Chromium(III/VI)-Contaminated Water

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
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Minerals 2019, 9(5), 260; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9050260
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio-Transformation and Mineralization Induced by Microorganisms)
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Abstract

The physicochemical characteristics of biogenic minerals, such as high specific surface areas and high reactivity and the presence of a bacterial carrier matrix, make them promising for various applications. For instance, catalysts, adsorbents, oxidants, and reductants. The objective of this study is to examine the efficiency of biogenic magnetite nanoparticles (BMNs) that are produced by metal-reducing bacteria for removing chromium. Interactions between ionic chromium (Cr III/VI) and BMNs were examined under different pH values (ranging from pH 2 to pH 12) by using different doses of BMN (0–6 g/L). Chemically synthesized magnetite nanoparticles (CMNs) were used in the experiments for the purpose of comparing them to the BMNs. The results showed that the BMNs had higher Cr(VI) removal efficiency (100%) than the CMNs (82%) after a two-week reaction time. A lower pH and longer reaction time in the Cr-contaminated solution led to a higher Cr(VI) removal efficiency. The Cr(VI) removal efficiency by the BMNs in the Cr-contaminated groundwater was about 94% after a reaction time of two weeks. The BMNs that were coated with organic matter were more effective than the CMNs in leading to adsorption of Cr(III) with electrostatic interactions (82% versus 13%) and in preventing Fe(II) oxidation within the magnetite structure. These results indicate that the BMNs could be used to decontaminate ionic Cr in environmental remediation technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomineralization; magnetite; chromium; remediation; groundwater biomineralization; magnetite; chromium; remediation; groundwater
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Kim, Y.; Roh, Y. Environmental Application of Biogenic Magnetite Nanoparticles to Remediate Chromium(III/VI)-Contaminated Water. Minerals 2019, 9, 260.

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