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Petrogenetic Study of the Multiphase Chibougamau Pluton: Archaean Magmas Associated with Cu–Au Magmato-Hydrothermal Systems

1
Centre d’études sur les Ressources minérales (CERM), Département des Sciences appliquées, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), 555 boul. de l’université, Chicoutimi, G7H 2B1 QC, Canada
2
Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources Naturelles (MERN), 5700 4e avenue, Québec, G1H 6R1 QC, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(3), 174; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9030174
Received: 13 February 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mineral Deposits)
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Abstract

The Chibougamau pluton is a Neoarchean multiphase intrusion that is related to Cu–Au porphyry-style deposits. In Archean greenstone belts, porphyries are marginal and poorly documented mineralizations. Such deposits are, however, important in the Chibougamau area, where the main historical mining camp (Central Camp) is a magmato-hydrothermal system. Understanding such systems requires documenting the related magmatic rocks. This contribution focuses on the petrogenesis of the Chibougamau pluton to elucidate how the intrusion participated in Cu and Au mineralized systems. Using field descriptions, whole-rock analyses, and petrographic observations, we describe the source, emplacement mechanism, and chemical evolution of the Chibougamau pluton. The Chibougamau pluton is a TTD (tonalite-trondhjemite-diorite) suite that contains more K than most plutons of similar age. This suite was produced from a heterogeneous source; i.e., a hydrated basalt and possibly a metasomatized mantle. These are rare (and thus prospective) characteristics for an Archean intrusion. In addition, differentiation may have been sufficiently prolonged in the diorite phase to concentrate metals and fluids in the evolved magma. These magmatic constraints must now be tested against a renewed understanding of the Cu-dominated mineralized systems of the Chibougamau area. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chibougamau pluton; Cu–Au porphyry deposits; petrogenesis; TTD (tonalite-trondhjemite-diorite) suite; magma Chibougamau pluton; Cu–Au porphyry deposits; petrogenesis; TTD (tonalite-trondhjemite-diorite) suite; magma
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Mathieu, L.; Racicot, D. Petrogenetic Study of the Multiphase Chibougamau Pluton: Archaean Magmas Associated with Cu–Au Magmato-Hydrothermal Systems. Minerals 2019, 9, 174.

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