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Minerals 2019, 9(2), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9020109

The Correlation of Roasting Conditions in Selective Potassium Extraction from K-Feldspar Ore

Mineral Processing Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul 34469, Turkey
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Received: 17 January 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards Sustainability in Extractive Metallurgy)
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Abstract

Feldspar minerals are essential ingredients for the glass and ceramic-glass industries. The potassium element found in certain proportions in the composition of K-feldspar minerals has a fundamental function in the growth of plants. The production of potassium fertilizers is mostly made from the soluble minerals, which are located in lakes. Despite having a huge area of use in the agriculture industry, the reserves of these salts are limited and not evenly distributed in the earth’s crust. Due to the high availability of feldspar reserves in the earth’s crust, the production of potential potassium salts can provide a wide range of social and economic benefits. In this study, potassium extraction from a feldspar ore, which contained microcline, albite, muscovite, and quartz, was studied using chloridizing (CaCl2) roasting followed by leaching. Direct leaching experiments were also performed on the sample by adapting various solvents. To emphasize the importance of roasting before the dissolution process, different parameters such as particle size, roasting temperature, and duration, as well as the feldspar/CaCl2 ratio, were tested. Under the optimum conditions (i.e., −106 microns, 850 Co, 60 minutes, 1:1.5 feldspar:CaCl2), 99% of the potassium was successfully extracted from the ore feed. View Full-Text
Keywords: potassium extraction; feldspar; muscovite; chloridizing roasting potassium extraction; feldspar; muscovite; chloridizing roasting
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Serdengeçti, M.T.; Baştürkcü, H.; Burat, F.; Kangal, M.O. The Correlation of Roasting Conditions in Selective Potassium Extraction from K-Feldspar Ore. Minerals 2019, 9, 109.

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