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Open AccessArticle

New Insight into the Genetic Mechanism of Shear Zone Type Gold Deposits from Muping-Rushan Metallogenic Belt (Jiaodong Peninsula of Eastern China)

1
Key Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics, College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
2
School of Resource and Environment, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(12), 775; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9120775
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 10 December 2019 / Accepted: 10 December 2019 / Published: 12 December 2019
Most gold deposits are genetically controlled by shear zones, which are called shear zone type gold deposits (SZTGD). A better understanding of kinematics of shear zones and its constraint on the ore-forming process is critical to reveal the genetic mechanism of the SZTGD and favorable to mineral exploration. By conducting detailed structural analysis including field and microscopic observations and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and fractal dimension analysis in the Muping-Rushan shear zone (MR) as well as several gold deposits, the kinematic characteristics of the MR are well recognized and the metallogenic process of the SZTGD are discussed. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) petrology, geometry, kinematics, macro- and micro-structures imply that the MR has experienced a progressive shearing history exhumed via middle crust to subsurface level under the NW-SE extensional regime from late Jurassic to early Cretaceous; (2) in the MR, gold may precipitate both in the brittle fractures at middle crust level and brittle deformation part at shallow crust level during the stress-chemical process and (3) comparison of gold deposits between the MR and other areas show that the SZTGD has a uniform metallogenic mechanism, which is from (multi-stage) pluton emplacement, hydrothermal fluid action, shearing action, brittle fracturing, sudden reduction of fluid pressure, flash vaporization to (gold) mineralization. View Full-Text
Keywords: shear zone type gold deposits; Jiaodong Peninsula; Muping-Rushan metallogenic belt; EBSD analysis; fractal dimension shear zone type gold deposits; Jiaodong Peninsula; Muping-Rushan metallogenic belt; EBSD analysis; fractal dimension
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Cheng, N.; Hou, Q.; Shi, M.; He, M.; Liu, Q.; Yan, F.; Liu, H. New Insight into the Genetic Mechanism of Shear Zone Type Gold Deposits from Muping-Rushan Metallogenic Belt (Jiaodong Peninsula of Eastern China). Minerals 2019, 9, 775.

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