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Experimental Determination of the Effect of CaO and Al2O3 in Slag Systems Related to the Conversion Process of High Copper Matte Grade

Metallurgy Engineering department, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaiso 2340000, Chile
Independent Consultant, Santiago 8320000, Chile
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(11), 716;
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 23 October 2019 / Accepted: 31 October 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mineral Processing and Metallurgy)
The slags generated in the conventional copper conversion process are mainly composed of Cu2O–Fe2O3–SiO2 with CaO, Al2O3, and MgO compounds—in concentrations up to 10 wt %. The present work contributes to the knowledge of the conversion process, generating experimental data for the phase diagrams of the Cu2O–Fe2O3–SiO2–Al2O3 and Cu2O–Fe2O3–SiO2–CaO systems. The experiments were carried out in a tubular furnace at temperatures of 1150 °C and 1200 °C, under a condition of saturation with tridymite and spinel. Once the equilibrium was reached, the samples were immediately quenched in water. The phases in the samples were observed through a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the elemental composition of the phases were analyzed by means of energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) detectors. The addition of Al2O3 and CaO into the Cu2O–Fe2O3–SiO2 system resulted in an appreciable displacement of the liquidus lines, corresponding to an expansion of the liquid in the tridymite primary phase field. The addition of CaO and Al2O3 combined was evaluated on industrial slags and from samples obtained in a Peirce–Smith furnace, with increasing amounts of CaO in the flux. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquidus temperatures; copper converting; slag liquidus temperatures; copper converting; slag
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Henao, H.; Kohnenkamp, E.; Rojas, L.; Moyano, A. Experimental Determination of the Effect of CaO and Al2O3 in Slag Systems Related to the Conversion Process of High Copper Matte Grade. Minerals 2019, 9, 716.

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