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Minerals 2018, 8(6), 229; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8060229

Geoheritage Values and Environmental Issues of Derelict Mines: Examples from the Sulfide Mines of Gromolo and Petronio Valleys (Eastern Liguria, Italy)

1
Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences (DISTAV), University of Genova, C.so Europa, 26, I-16132 Genova, Italy
2
Department of Architecture and Design (DAD), University of Genova, Stradone S. Agostino, 37, I-16123 Genova, Italy
3
Associazione Radice Comune, Via di San Bernardo 34r, I-16123 Genova, Italy
4
GeoSectra SRL, Via Palmaria, 9/6 L, I-16121 Genova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 / Published: 28 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineralogical Applications for Cultural Heritage)
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Abstract

Derelict mining districts represent anthropogenically influenced landscapes that are often characterized by important geological, ecological, environmental, industrial, cultural, and archeological values. Nevertheless, after mining activities cease, several environmental problems are left behind, associated with soil and water pollution, hydrogeological instability, subsidence, ecosystem damages, and landscape degradation or devastation. In this article we present a case study focused on a sulfide mining district (Petronio and Gromolo valleys, Genova) located on the ophiolitic sequences of the Northern Apennines (Eastern Liguria, Italy), with the aim of applying a GIS (Geographic Information System)-based model for the complete census of derelict mines and for the assessment of their geoheritage and geotourist values, potential risks, and environmental impact. All information has been integrated to produce a multicriteria approach for the evaluation of hazards and/or critical issues and geoheritage values. Based on the results obtained in this pilot area, an integrated cultural and touristic route has been proposed, which combines several points of interest (POIs) chosen within an area of about 8 km2. View Full-Text
Keywords: mining heritage; environmental management; mine census; geotourism; geoheritage trail mining heritage; environmental management; mine census; geotourism; geoheritage trail
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Marescotti, P.; Brancucci, G.; Sasso, G.; Solimano, M.; Marin, V.; Muzio, C.; Salmona, P. Geoheritage Values and Environmental Issues of Derelict Mines: Examples from the Sulfide Mines of Gromolo and Petronio Valleys (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Minerals 2018, 8, 229.

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