Hybrid Alkaline Cements: Bentonite-Opc Binders
AbstractModerately alkaline activators can be used to formulate cementitious binders with a high Supplemetary Cementitious Materials (SCMs) and a low portland cement content (hybrid alkaline cements). This study aimed to prepare hybrid alkaline cements containing large percentages of dehydroxylated bentonite (BT) and small Portland cement (OPC) fractions, with 5% Na2SO4 as a solid alkaline activator. The hydration kinetics of the pastes hydrated in water in the presence and absence of the solid activator were assessed by isothermal conduction calorimetry, whilst the reaction products were characterised with X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The presence of the alkaline activator hastened OPC and BT/OPC hydration: more heat of hydration was released, favouring greater initial bentonite reactivity. The portlandite forming during cement hydration reacted readily with the Na2SO4, raising medium alkalinity and enhancing bentonite dissolution and with it reaction product precipitation (primarily (N,C)-A-S-H-like gels that co-exist with C-S-H- or C-A-S-H-like gels). The presence of sulfate ions favoured the formation of AFm-like phases. Preceding aspects accelerated the hydration reactions, with the formation of more reaction product and matrix densification. As a result, the 28 days Na2SO4 activated systems developed greater mechanical strength than the water-hydrated systems, with the 60% BT/40% OPC blends exhibiting higher compressive strength than the 100% OPC pastes. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Garcia-Lodeiro, I.; Fernandez-Jimenez, A.; Palomo, A. Hybrid Alkaline Cements: Bentonite-Opc Binders. Minerals 2018, 8, 137.
Garcia-Lodeiro I, Fernandez-Jimenez A, Palomo A. Hybrid Alkaline Cements: Bentonite-Opc Binders. Minerals. 2018; 8(4):137.Chicago/Turabian Style
Garcia-Lodeiro, Ines; Fernandez-Jimenez, Ana; Palomo, Angel. 2018. "Hybrid Alkaline Cements: Bentonite-Opc Binders." Minerals 8, no. 4: 137.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.