Effect of Dodecane and Oleic Acid on the Attachment between Oxidized Coal and Bubbles
AbstractThe objective of this study is to explain the different flotation responses observed in oxidized coal flotation when using a nonpolar flotation collector, dodecane, versus a polar flotation collector, oleic acid. Particularly, the effect of each flotation collector on bubble–coal particle attachment was investigated. Colloidal probe atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to directly measure the force between a model coal surface and a model bubble in the presence of either dodecane or oleic acid. Pyrolytic graphite (PG) treated with oxygen plasma and a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) particle were selected to represent the model oxidized coal surface and model bubble. High speed visualization for bubble–oxidized coal attachment was used to monitor the attachment behavior between bubble and oxidized coal in presence of dodecane and oleic acid, respectively. It was found that the force between the oxidized PG and the PMMA particle in Milli-Q water was monotonically repulsive, illustrating that oxidized coal particles attach onto bubble surface with difficulty. The flotation recovery using a traditional hydrocarbon oil, dodecane, was always lower than when oleic acid was used at a low dosage (300–1100 g/t). The force measurements showed that an attractive hydrophobic force was introduced when a 0.01 mM oleic acid solution was used, while the force was still repulsive in presence of a 0.01 mM dodecane solution. The minimum contact time for successful attachment between oxidized coal surface and bubbles in the presence of 0.01 mM oleic acid is much shorter than that in 0.01 mM dodecane. However, a high flotation recovery of 85.81% was obtained when dodecane concentration was further increased to 1700 g/t. The significant jump into contact effect observed in the AFM force curves and the short induction time in the presence of 1 mM dodecane solution was responsible for this high flotation recovery. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Xu, M.; Xing, Y.; Cao, Y.; Gui, X. Effect of Dodecane and Oleic Acid on the Attachment between Oxidized Coal and Bubbles. Minerals 2018, 8, 29.
Xu M, Xing Y, Cao Y, Gui X. Effect of Dodecane and Oleic Acid on the Attachment between Oxidized Coal and Bubbles. Minerals. 2018; 8(2):29.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Mengdi; Xing, Yaowen; Cao, Yijun; Gui, Xiahui. 2018. "Effect of Dodecane and Oleic Acid on the Attachment between Oxidized Coal and Bubbles." Minerals 8, no. 2: 29.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.