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Minerals 2018, 8(11), 487; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110487

On the Color and Genesis of Prase (Green Quartz) and Amethyst from the Island of Serifos, Cyclades, Greece

1
Institut für Mineralogie, Westfälische Wilhelms Universität Münster, Corrensstrasse 24, 48149 Münster, Germany
2
Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
3
Laboratory of Mineralogy and Geology, Agricultural University of Athens, 11855 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 8 October 2018 / Accepted: 24 October 2018 / Published: 26 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Gems)
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Abstract

The color of quartz and other minerals can be either caused by defects in the crystal structure or by finely dispersed inclusions of other minerals within the crystals. In order to investigate the mineral chemistry and genesis of the famous prase (green quartz) and amethyst association from Serifos Island, Greece, we used electron microprobe analyses and oxygen isotope measurements of quartz. We show that the color of these green quartz crystals is caused by small and acicular amphibole inclusions. Our data also shows that there are two generations of amphibole inclusions within the green quartz crystals, which indicate that the fluid, from which both amphiboles and quartz have crystallized, must have had a change in its chemical composition during the crystallization process. The electron microprobe data also suggests that traces of iron may be responsible for the amethyst coloration. Both quartz varieties are characterized by isotopic compositions that suggest mixing of magmatic and meteoric/marine fluids. The contribution of meteoric fluid is more significant in the final stages and reflects amethyst precipitation under more oxidizing conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: green quartz; prase; amethyst; color; amphibole; actinolite; skarn; Serifos; Greece green quartz; prase; amethyst; color; amphibole; actinolite; skarn; Serifos; Greece
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Klemme, S.; Berndt, J.; Mavrogonatos, C.; Flemetakis, S.; Baziotis, I.; Voudouris, P.; Xydous, S. On the Color and Genesis of Prase (Green Quartz) and Amethyst from the Island of Serifos, Cyclades, Greece. Minerals 2018, 8, 487.

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