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Minerals 2015, 5(4), 863-869; https://doi.org/10.3390/min5040530

Modes of Occurrence of Fluorine by Extraction and SEM Method in a Coal-Fired Power Plant from Inner Mongolia, China

State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shifeng Dai
Received: 19 October 2015 / Revised: 16 November 2015 / Accepted: 18 November 2015 / Published: 2 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minerals in Coal)
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Abstract

In this study, an extraction method and environmental scanning electron microscopy (SEM) are employed to reveal the changes in the occurrence mode of fluorine in a coal-fired power plant in Inner Mongolia, China. The different occurrence states of fluorine during coal combustion and emission show that fluorine in coal mainly assumes insoluble inorganic mineral forms. The results illustrate that the three typical occurrence modes in coal are CaF2, MgF2 and AlF3. The fluorine in fly ash can be captured by an electrostatic precipitator (EPS) or a bag filter. In contrast, the gaseous fluorine content in flue gas is only in the range of several parts per million; thus, it cannot be used in this study. The occurrence mode of fluorine in bottom ash and slag is inorganic villiaumite (e.g., soluble NaF, KF and insoluble CaF2) which is difficult to break down even at high temperatures. The occurrence mode of fluorine with the highest content in fly ash is physically adsorbed fluorine along the direction of the flue gas flow. The insoluble inorganic mineral fluoride content in fly ash is also high, but the gradually increasing fluorine content in fly ash is mainly caused by physical adsorption. Fluorine in the coal-fired power plant discharges mostly as solid products; however, very little fluorine emitted into the environment as gas products (HF, SiF4) cannot be captured. The parameters used in this study may provide useful references in developing a monitoring and control system for fluorine in coal-fired power plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: extraction; SEM; occurrence mode of fluorine; coal-fired power plant; combustion products extraction; SEM; occurrence mode of fluorine; coal-fired power plant; combustion products
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Wang, G.; Luo, Z.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, Y. Modes of Occurrence of Fluorine by Extraction and SEM Method in a Coal-Fired Power Plant from Inner Mongolia, China. Minerals 2015, 5, 863-869.

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