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Precipitation of Calcium Phosphates and Calcium Carbonates in the Presence of Differently Charged Liposomes

1
Laboratory for Biocolloids and Surface Chemistry, Division of Physical Chemistry, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Laboratory for Precipitation Processes, Division of Materials Chemistry, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
School of Medicine, Catholic University of Croatia, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
4
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Giordano Pagliaga 5, 52210 Rovinj, Croatia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Denis Gebauer
Minerals 2022, 12(2), 208; https://doi.org/10.3390/min12020208
Received: 7 December 2021 / Revised: 26 January 2022 / Accepted: 4 February 2022 / Published: 6 February 2022
Liposomes (lipid vesicles) are often considered to be a versatile tool for the synthesis of advanced materials, as they allow various control mechanisms to tune the materials’ properties. Among diverse materials, the synthesis of calcium phosphates (CaPs) and calcium carbonates (CaCO3) using liposomes has attracted particular attention in the development of novel (bio)materials and biomineralization research. However, the preparation of materials using liposomes has not yet been fully exploited. Most of the liposomes used have been anionic and/or zwitterionic, while data on the influence of cationic liposomes are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate and compare the influence of differently charged liposomes on CaPs and CaCO3 formation. Zwitterionic 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), negatively charged 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine (DMPS), and positively charged 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine (EPC) lipids were used to prepare the respective liposomes. The presence of liposomes during the spontaneous precipitation of CaPs and CaCO3 affected both the precipitation and transformation kinetics, as well as the morphology of the precipitates formed. The most prominent effect was noted for both materials in the presence of DMPS liposomes, as (nano) shell structures were formed in both cases. The obtained results indicate possible strategies to fine-tune the precipitation process of CaPs and CaCO3, which may be of interest for the production of novel materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcium phosphates; calcium carbonates; liposomes; amorphous phases; nanoshells calcium phosphates; calcium carbonates; liposomes; amorphous phases; nanoshells
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MDPI and ACS Style

Erceg, I.; Kontrec, J.; Strasser, V.; Selmani, A.; Domazet Jurašin, D.; Ćurlin, M.; Džakula, B.N.; Matijaković Mlinarić, N.; Šegota, S.; Lyons, D.M.; Kralj, D.; Dutour Sikirić, M. Precipitation of Calcium Phosphates and Calcium Carbonates in the Presence of Differently Charged Liposomes. Minerals 2022, 12, 208. https://doi.org/10.3390/min12020208

AMA Style

Erceg I, Kontrec J, Strasser V, Selmani A, Domazet Jurašin D, Ćurlin M, Džakula BN, Matijaković Mlinarić N, Šegota S, Lyons DM, Kralj D, Dutour Sikirić M. Precipitation of Calcium Phosphates and Calcium Carbonates in the Presence of Differently Charged Liposomes. Minerals. 2022; 12(2):208. https://doi.org/10.3390/min12020208

Chicago/Turabian Style

Erceg, Ina, Jasminka Kontrec, Vida Strasser, Atiđa Selmani, Darija Domazet Jurašin, Marija Ćurlin, Branka N. Džakula, Nives Matijaković Mlinarić, Suzana Šegota, Daniel M. Lyons, Damir Kralj, and Maja Dutour Sikirić. 2022. "Precipitation of Calcium Phosphates and Calcium Carbonates in the Presence of Differently Charged Liposomes" Minerals 12, no. 2: 208. https://doi.org/10.3390/min12020208

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