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Nano-Scale Pore Structure and Its Multi-Fractal Characteristics of Tight Sandstone by N2 Adsorption/Desorption Analyses: A Case Study of Shihezi Formation from the Sulige Gas Filed, Ordos Basin, China

School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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Minerals 2020, 10(4), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10040377
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 20 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineralogy of Shale Gas and Other Low Permeability Reservoirs)
Fractal dimension is a critical parameter to evaluate the heterogeneity of complex pore structure in tight sandstone gas and other low permeability reservoirs. To quantify the fractal dimension of tight sandstone at various pore size classes and evaluate their implications on mineral composition and nano pore structure parameters, we conducted an integrated approach of N2 adsorption/desorption experiment (N2-GA), X-ray diffraction (X-RD), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) on Sulige tight sandstone reservoirs. By comparing the nine types of fractal dimensions calculated from N2 adsorption data, we put forward the concept of “concentrated” fractal dimensions and “scattered” fractal dimensions (DN2, DN3, DN5, DN7 and DN8) for the first time according to its concentration extent of distribute in different samples. Result shows that mineral composition has a significant influence of a different level on specific surface area (SSA), pore volume (PV), and fractal dimensions (DN), respectively, where the “scattered” fractal dimension is more sensitive to certain specific property of the reservoir, including mineral content and the specific surface area contribution rate (Sr) of type II mesopores (Mesopore-II: 10~50nm). In addition, three type of hysteresis loops were distinguished corresponding to different pore shape combination of N2-GA isotherm curve, which reveals that pore structure heterogeneity is mainly controlled by inkbottle-shaped pores and the volume contribution rate (Vr) of mesopores in this study area. These findings could contribute to a better understanding of the controlling effect of pore heterogeneity on natural gas storage and adsorption. View Full-Text
Keywords: tight sandstone; fractal dimension; nanopore structure; Sulige gas field; Shihezi Formation tight sandstone; fractal dimension; nanopore structure; Sulige gas field; Shihezi Formation
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Wang, Z.; Jiang, X.; Pan, M.; Shi, Y. Nano-Scale Pore Structure and Its Multi-Fractal Characteristics of Tight Sandstone by N2 Adsorption/Desorption Analyses: A Case Study of Shihezi Formation from the Sulige Gas Filed, Ordos Basin, China. Minerals 2020, 10, 377.

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