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Optimization of Operating Parameters on Dry Grinding of Calcite in a Stirred Media Mill Using the Box-Behnken Design

Department of Mining Engineering, University of Nigde Omer Halisdemir, Central Campus, 51240 Nigde, Turkey
Minerals 2020, 10(3), 251; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10030251
Received: 20 January 2020 / Revised: 21 February 2020 / Accepted: 24 February 2020 / Published: 9 March 2020
The optimization of the operating parameters of a stirred media mill in the dry grinding of calcite was investigated. A three-level Box-Behnken design was used for the purpose of examining the impact of four independent factors, the stirrer speed (SS), grinding time (GT), media filling ratio (MFR), and solid mass fraction (SMF), on the product particle size (d50). For the purpose of establishing an empirical correlation between operating parameters and responses, a series of experiments were carried out. Variance analysis showed a reasonably good value for d50 (R2 = 0.965). According to the software solutions, the optimum conditions for minimizing the d50 size were found to be 573 rpm stirrer speed, 11.18 min grinding time, 63% media filling ratio, and 11.52% solid mass fraction, with 3.78 µm for the d50 size. To verify the improvement of grinding, verification tests were performed using the above-mentioned optimum conditions and the average d50 size and standard deviation were found to be 3.83 µm and 0.025, respectively. The average d50 value obtained was smaller than those obtained in the 27 tests. Furthermore, when the optimum result obtained from the experiments was compared with the result obtained using the software, a 22% energy saving was achieved. The impacts of grinding on the structural characteristics of calcite particles were characterized by XRD analysis. XRD measurements indicated that no change was observed in the peak areas of ground calcite specimens compared to the untreated calcite specimen. View Full-Text
Keywords: dry grinding; operating parameters; calcite; experimental design; optimization dry grinding; operating parameters; calcite; experimental design; optimization
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Katircioglu-Bayel, D. Optimization of Operating Parameters on Dry Grinding of Calcite in a Stirred Media Mill Using the Box-Behnken Design. Minerals 2020, 10, 251.

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