The diagenetic environment is vital in controlling reservoir quality by influencing diagenetic processes, especially porosity evolution. The Zhuhai Formation is a critical exploration target in the Huizhou Sag. However, there are considerable differences between the reservoirs in the west (Huixi) and east (Huidong) Huizhou Sag with only a 400 m difference in burial depth. To investigate causes of these differences, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cathodoluminescence analysis, fluorescence analysis, and fluid inclusion analysis are employed for the petrological and diagenetic characterization of the target formation. Moreover, image analysis software is used to qualitatively evaluate the impacts of diagenesis on porosity. The results show that the digenetic environments in Huixi and Huidong are different. Huixi is characterized by a high content of feldspar with a stronger dissolution phenomenon than that observed in Huidong. The main cement types in Huixi are siliceous cement and kaolinite. Moreover, Huixi had a low palaeo-temperature, low palaeo-salinity, and low palaeo-pH diagenetic environment. In contrast, Huidong is accessible via deep faults and rich in lithic fragments which show visible deformation. Moreover, cements in this area include carbonate, gypsum, quartz overgrowth, kaolinite, and chlorite. This evidence confirms that the diagenetic environment in Huidong was a high palaeo-temperature and high palaeo-salinity environment with high palaeo-pH. Additionally, the palaeo-pH evolved following the sequence of weakly alkaline, acidic, alkaline and acidic. Microscopy evidence indicates that the Dongsha Uplift was a likely source of Huixi sediments during the deposition of the Zhuhai Formation. The determination of the porosity evolution shows that compaction and lithic fragment content are the main controlling factors on the reservoir quality of the Zhuhai Formation.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited