# Parallelization of Modified Merge Sort Algorithm

## Abstract

**:**

## 1. Introduction

#### Related Works

_{2}n-2 using n processors. To analyze the time complexity of this parallel algorithm was used a model of Parallel Random Access Machine (PRAM) that allows an access to read and write in the memory cell for only a single processor. In the same way as in [43], tasks will be divided so that each processor will perform operations on the allocated memory in the most efficient way.

## 2. Data Processing in NoSQL Database and Parallel Sort Algorithms

#### Statistical Approach to the Research on Algorithm Performance

## 3. Parallel Modified Merge Sort Algorithm

**Teorem**

**1.**

**Proof.**

Algorithm 1. Parallelized Modified Merge Sort Algorithm |

Start Load table a Load dimension of table a into n Create an array of b of dimension n Start Load table a Load dimension of table a into n Create an array of b of dimension n Set options for parallelism to use all processors of the system Remember 1 in m While m is less than n then do Begin Remember 2*m in m2 Remember 4*m in m4 Remember (n-1)/m2 in it1 Parallel for each processor at index j greater or equal 0 and less than it1 + 1 do Begin parallel for Remember j*m2 in i Remember i in p1 Remember i+m in p2 If p2 greater than n then do Begin Remember n in p2 End Remember n-p1 in c1 If c1 greater than m then do Begin Remember m in c1 End Remember n-p2 in c2 If c2 greater than m then do Begin Remember m in c2 End Proceed function the merge algorithm of two sorting string merging of array a and write in the array b End of the parallel for Remember (n-1)/m4 in it3 Parallel for each processor at index j greater or equal 0 and less than it3 + 1 do Begin parallel for Remember j*m4 in i Remember i in p1 Remember i+m2 in p2 If p2 greater than n then do Begin Remember n in p2 End Remember n-p1 in c1 If c1 greater than m2 then do Begin Remember m2 in c1 End Remember n-p2 in c2 If c2 greater than m2 then do Begin Remember m2 in c2 End Proceed function the merge algorithm of two sorting string merging of array b and write in the array a End of the parallel for Multiply variable m by four End Stop |

Algorithm 2. The Merge Algorithm of Two Sorted Strings |

Start Load table a Load table b Load index p1 Load variable c1 Load index p2 Load variable c2 Remember p1 in pb While c1 greater than 0 and c2 greater than 0 then do Begin If a[p1] less or equal a[p2] then do Begin Remember a[p1] in b[pb] Add to index p1 one Add to index pb one Subtract from variable c1 one End Else Remember a[p2] in b[pb] Add to index p2 one Add to index pb one Subtract from variable c2 one End End While c1 greater than 0 then do Begin Remember a[p1] in b[pb] Add to index p1 one Add to index pb one Subtract from variable c1 one End While c2 greater than 0 then do Begin Remember a[p2] in b[pb] Add to index p2 one Add to index pb one Subtract from variable c2 one End Stop |

## 4. The Study of the Parallelized Modified Merge Sort

#### 4.1. Comparison and Analysis

#### 4.2. Conclusions

## 5. Final Remarks

_{2}n−2 using n processors. Comparison tests have shown that the method is more efficient than other sorting methods, especially for big data sets. In the study, it was shown that the statistical stability of the proposed method is on a very good level. The results of benchmark tests confirmed theoretical computational complexity. Presented parallelized sorting algorithm can be successfully used in database applications, especially in situations where a number of processors can be used for speeding up the sorting process.

## Acknowledgments

## Author Contributions

## Conflicts of Interest

## References

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**Figure 2.**Sample presentation of parallel processing of the request between the user and the server in the NoSQL data bases.

**Figure 12.**Comparison of sorting time for heap sort, quick sort, merge sort and proposed in this article parallel modified merge sort on 8 processors.

Method—Average Time Sorting for 100 Samples in [ms] | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Elements | 1—Processor | 2—Processors | 4—Processors | 8—Processors |

100 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

1000 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

10,000 | 6 | 4 | 3 | 3 |

100,000 | 46 | 27 | 20 | 17 |

1,000,000 | 499 | 287 | 203 | 173 |

10,000,000 | 5745 | 3256 | 2317 | 1938 |

100,000,000 | 65,730 | 37,542 | 26,382 | 23,186 |

Method—Average Time Sorting for 100 Samples in [ti] | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Elements | 1—Processor | 2—Processors | 4—Processors | 8—Processors |

100 | 362 | 324 | 264 | 256 |

1000 | 757 | 647 | 524 | 510 |

10,000 | 13,672 | 7993 | 5490 | 4647 |

100,000 | 72,291 | 41,473 | 31,437 | 25,748 |

1,000,000 | 777,903 | 437,706 | 315,924 | 269,424 |

10,000,000 | 8,954,448 | 5,230,931 | 3,798,070 | 3,238,545 |

100,000,000 | 102,449,603 | 58,073,015 | 41,119,351 | 35,138,937 |

Coefficient of Variation [ms] | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Elements | 1—Processor | 2—Processors | 4—Processors | 8—Processors |

100 | 0.3821615 | 0.43268856 | 0.42831802 | 0.44107100 |

1000 | 0.3643562 | 0.40356701 | 0.41257718 | 0.36173402 |

10,000 | 0.2743689 | 0.36596252 | 0.21821789 | 0.34069257 |

100,000 | 0.1661708 | 0.17707090 | 0.17747680 | 0.14015297 |

1,000,000 | 0.1919563 | 0.21309771 | 0.14367983 | 0.15528751 |

10,000,000 | 0.2029680 | 0.21077261 | 0.16998284 | 0.17756993 |

100,000,000 | 0.2089429 | 0.20919211 | 0.20167919 | 0.16278364 |

Coefficient of Variation [ti] | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Elements | 1—Processor | 2—Processors | 4—Processors | 8—Processors |

100 | 0.40505154 | 0.26224710 | 0.15192519 | 0.17000328 |

1000 | 0.36725132 | 0.28016626 | 0.20075293 | 0.254527489 |

10,000 | 0.28111613 | 0.31917443 | 0.23101516 | 0.212133586 |

100,000 | 0.16516246 | 0.17583523 | 0.12684148 | 0.132691392 |

1,000,000 | 0.19185991 | 0.21235997 | 0.15981887 | 0.155664995 |

10,000,000 | 0.20295364 | 0.21077453 | 0.16344274 | 0.177647028 |

100,000,000 | 0.20894325 | 0.20918928 | 0.15855142 | 0.162786764 |

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Marszałek, Z. Parallelization of Modified Merge Sort Algorithm. *Symmetry* **2017**, *9*, 176.
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Marszałek Z. Parallelization of Modified Merge Sort Algorithm. *Symmetry*. 2017; 9(9):176.
https://doi.org/10.3390/sym9090176

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Marszałek, Zbigniew. 2017. "Parallelization of Modified Merge Sort Algorithm" *Symmetry* 9, no. 9: 176.
https://doi.org/10.3390/sym9090176