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Article

Signal Detection in Nearly Continuous Spectra and ℤ2-Symmetry Breaking

1
Université Paris-Saclay, CEA, List, F-91120 Palaiseau, France
2
International Chair in Mathematical Physics and Applications (ICMPA-UNESCO Chair), Cotonou 072B.P.50, Benin
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Axel Pelster
Symmetry 2022, 14(3), 486; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14030486
Received: 23 November 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 10 February 2022 / Published: 28 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Physics and Symmetry/Asymmetry)
The large scale behavior of systems having a large number of interacting degrees of freedom is suitably described using the renormalization group from non-Gaussian distributions. Renormalization group techniques used in physics are then expected to provide a complementary point of view on standard methods used in data science, especially for open issues. Signal detection and recognition for covariance matrices having nearly continuous spectra is currently an open issue in data science and machine learning. Using the field theoretical embedding introduced in Entropy, 23(9), 1132 to reproduce experimental correlations, we show in this paper that the presence of a signal may be characterized by a phase transition with Z2-symmetry breaking. For our investigations, we use the nonperturbative renormalization group formalism, using a local potential approximation to construct an approximate solution of the flow. Moreover, we focus on the nearly continuous signal build as a perturbation of the Marchenko-Pastur law with many discrete spikes. View Full-Text
Keywords: renormalization group; field theory; symmetry breaking; data analysis; signal detection renormalization group; field theory; symmetry breaking; data analysis; signal detection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lahoche, V.; Ousmane Samary, D.; Tamaazousti, M. Signal Detection in Nearly Continuous Spectra and ℤ2-Symmetry Breaking. Symmetry 2022, 14, 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14030486

AMA Style

Lahoche V, Ousmane Samary D, Tamaazousti M. Signal Detection in Nearly Continuous Spectra and ℤ2-Symmetry Breaking. Symmetry. 2022; 14(3):486. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14030486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lahoche, Vincent, Dine Ousmane Samary, and Mohamed Tamaazousti. 2022. "Signal Detection in Nearly Continuous Spectra and ℤ2-Symmetry Breaking" Symmetry 14, no. 3: 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14030486

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