Next Article in Journal
Recommendation Model Based on a Heterogeneous Personalized Spacey Embedding Method
Previous Article in Journal
Generalized Navier–Stokes Equations and Dynamics of Plane Molecular Media
Article

Identifying the Dynamics of the Sea-Level Fluctuations in Croatia Using the RAPS Method

1
Department of Civil Engineering, University North, Jurja Križanića 31b, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
2
Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering, University of Zagreb, Hallerova aleja 7, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
3
IGEA Ltd., Frana Supila 7/b, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francisco G. Montoya
Symmetry 2021, 13(2), 289; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13020289
Received: 3 January 2021 / Revised: 30 January 2021 / Accepted: 4 February 2021 / Published: 8 February 2021
Seawater level changes are affected by natural and anthropogenic impacts. While climate changes are considered to be a cause for all significant recent variations in meteorological and hydrological parameters, there is still a need for the analysis at the smaller regional scale, especially of the seawater level changes. A regional analysis is essential for early warning of upcoming changes that could, firstly, affect islands and coastal areas and, subsequently, expand on larger areas. The determined regional changes could affect the salinity of drinking water sources, increase the presence of natural flooding, and impact land degradation. In this paper, an analysis of local seawater level fluctuations is provided for three available locations in Croatia distributed along the Adriatic Sea’s coast. The rescaled adjusted partial sums (RAPS) method was used and applied on time series of the average daily seawater levels for each location. Visual interpretation of the RAPS method indicated the appearance of common regularities of the observed quantities, in this case, averaged daily seawater level changes. Also, it was shown that the regional shape and indentation of the coast did not have a strong effect on the seawater level’s rise. Seasonal changes in the sea level are mostly periodic and, therefore, have symmetry visible in its behavior. Fluctuations in the dynamics of sea level studied in this paper were not regular and predictable with simple linear equations, but the symmetry was also found to be present in the irregularities identified with the RAPS method. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea level; climate impact; regularities; climate changes; RAPS; Adriatic Sea sea level; climate impact; regularities; climate changes; RAPS; Adriatic Sea
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Markovinović, D.; Kranjčić, N.; Đurin, B.; Bjelotomić Oršulić, O. Identifying the Dynamics of the Sea-Level Fluctuations in Croatia Using the RAPS Method. Symmetry 2021, 13, 289. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13020289

AMA Style

Markovinović D, Kranjčić N, Đurin B, Bjelotomić Oršulić O. Identifying the Dynamics of the Sea-Level Fluctuations in Croatia Using the RAPS Method. Symmetry. 2021; 13(2):289. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13020289

Chicago/Turabian Style

Markovinović, Danko, Nikola Kranjčić, Bojan Đurin, and Olga Bjelotomić Oršulić. 2021. "Identifying the Dynamics of the Sea-Level Fluctuations in Croatia Using the RAPS Method" Symmetry 13, no. 2: 289. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13020289

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop