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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Estimation of Natural Radionuclides and Rare Earth Elements Concentration of the Rocks of Abu Khuruq Ring Complex, Egypt

1
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, 71516 Assiut, Egypt
2
Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, 71516 Assiut, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(8), 1041; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11081041
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 8 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
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Abstract

The naturally occurring radionuclides (radium-226, thorium-232, potassium-40 and radon-222) were investigated in the alkaline rocks of Abu Khuruq Ring, southern Eastern Desert, Egypt. A high-resolution germanium detector was used for the detection of 40K, 232Th, and 226Ra (Canberra, GR4020 model) while 222Rn concentration was measured by the Alpha-Guard Saphymo GmbH system, model PQ 2000 (AG). Major and rare earth elements (REEs) were assessed using the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and atomic emission spectrometry techniques. Positive correlations were observed between REEs, indicating symmetrical chemical properties and their overall presence in the parent material—also, a positive correlation was observed between effective radium content and radon concentrations pointing to the strong linear dependency between both contents in the studied rocks. The average values of activity concentration of 40K, 232Th, 226Ra, and 222Rn were less than the suggested level by a factor of 1.38%, 3.16%, 2.09%, and 1.16%, respectively. Significant variations were found among the radiological hazards parameters, e.g., the mean value of the annual effective dose (0.55 mSv y−1) was more than the global reference value (0.41 mSv y−1) by a factor of 1.34. The calculated average value of the gamma index was 0.90, and that of the alpha index was 0.37. Hex, Hin and Raeq showed fewer average values than the standard values of unity and 370 Bq kg−1, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alpha-Guard; HPGe; radon; REE; alkaline rock; Abu Khuruq Alpha-Guard; HPGe; radon; REE; alkaline rock; Abu Khuruq
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El-Gamal, H.; El-Haddad, M. Estimation of Natural Radionuclides and Rare Earth Elements Concentration of the Rocks of Abu Khuruq Ring Complex, Egypt. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1041.

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