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Open AccessArticle

Cattaneo–Christov Heat Flux Model for Three-Dimensional Rotating Flow of SWCNT and MWCNT Nanofluid with Darcy–Forchheimer Porous Medium Induced by a Linearly Stretchable Surface

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Department of Mathematics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
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College of Computer and Information Sciences, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Majmaah University, P.O. Box 66 Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
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Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 72915, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(3), 331; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11030331
Received: 2 January 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2019 / Accepted: 14 February 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry and Fluid Mechanics)
In this paper we investigated the 3-D Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) rotational nanofluid flow through a stretching surface. Carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs and MWCNTs) were used as nano-sized constituents, and water was used as a base fluid. The Cattaneo–Christov heat flux model was used for heat transport phenomenon. This arrangement had remarkable visual and electronic properties, such as strong elasticity, high updraft stability, and natural durability. The heat interchanging phenomenon was affected by updraft emission. The effects of nanoparticles such as Brownian motion and thermophoresis were also included in the study. By considering the conservation of mass, motion quantity, heat transfer, and nanoparticles concentration the whole phenomenon was modeled. The modeled equations were highly non-linear and were solved using homotopy analysis method (HAM). The effects of different parameters are described in tables and their impact on different state variables are displayed in graphs. Physical quantities like Sherwood number, Nusselt number, and skin friction are presented through tables with the variations of different physical parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: SWCNTs; MWCNTs; stretched surface; rotating system; nanofluid; MHD; thermal radiation; HAM SWCNTs; MWCNTs; stretched surface; rotating system; nanofluid; MHD; thermal radiation; HAM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shah, Z.; Tassaddiq, A.; Islam, S.; Alklaibi, A.M.; Khan, I. Cattaneo–Christov Heat Flux Model for Three-Dimensional Rotating Flow of SWCNT and MWCNT Nanofluid with Darcy–Forchheimer Porous Medium Induced by a Linearly Stretchable Surface. Symmetry 2019, 11, 331. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11030331

AMA Style

Shah Z, Tassaddiq A, Islam S, Alklaibi AM, Khan I. Cattaneo–Christov Heat Flux Model for Three-Dimensional Rotating Flow of SWCNT and MWCNT Nanofluid with Darcy–Forchheimer Porous Medium Induced by a Linearly Stretchable Surface. Symmetry. 2019; 11(3):331. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11030331

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shah, Zahir; Tassaddiq, Asifa; Islam, Saeed; Alklaibi, A.M.; Khan, Ilyas. 2019. "Cattaneo–Christov Heat Flux Model for Three-Dimensional Rotating Flow of SWCNT and MWCNT Nanofluid with Darcy–Forchheimer Porous Medium Induced by a Linearly Stretchable Surface" Symmetry 11, no. 3: 331. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11030331

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