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Symmetry 2019, 11(2), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11020164

A New Design for Alignment-Free Chaffed Cancelable Iris Key Binding Scheme

1
Lee Kong Chian Faculty of Engineering Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Bandar Sg. Long, Kajang 43000, Malaysia
2
School of Information Technology, Advanced Engineering Platform, Monash University, Subang Jaya 47500, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 13 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
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Abstract

Iris has been found to be unique and consistent over time despite its random nature. Unprotected biometric (iris) template raises concerns in security and privacy, as numerous large-scale iris recognition projects have been deployed worldwide—for instance, susceptibility to attacks, cumbersome renewability, and cross-matching. Template protection schemes from biometric cryptosystems and cancelable biometrics are expected to restore the confidence in biometrics regarding data privacy, given the great advancement in recent years. However, a majority of the biometric template protection schemes have uncertainties in guaranteeing criteria such as unlinkability, irreversibility, and revocability, while maintaining significant performance. Fuzzy commitment, a theoretically secure biometric key binding scheme, is vulnerable due to the inherent dependency of the biometric features and its reliance on error correction code (ECC). In this paper, an alignment-free and cancelable iris key binding scheme without ECC is proposed. The proposed system protects the binary biometric data, i.e., IrisCodes, from security and privacy attacks through a strong and size varying non-invertible cancelable transform. The proposed scheme provides flexibility in system storage and authentication speed via controllable hashed code length. We also proposed a fast key regeneration without either re-enrollment or constant storage of seeds. The experimental results and security analysis show the validity of the proposed scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancelable template; iris key binding; indistinguishability; key retrieval; template protection cancelable template; iris key binding; indistinguishability; key retrieval; template protection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chai, T.-Y.; Goi, B.-M.; Tay, Y.-H.; Jin, Z. A New Design for Alignment-Free Chaffed Cancelable Iris Key Binding Scheme. Symmetry 2019, 11, 164.

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