Fuzzy time series (FTS) models have gotten much scholarly attention for handling sequential data with incomplete and ambiguous patterns. Many conventional time series methods employ a single variable in forecasting without considering other variables that can impact stock volatility. Hence, this paper modified the multi-period adaptive expectation model to propose a novel multifactor FTS fitting model for forecasting the stock index. Furthermore, after a literature review, we selected three important factors (stock index, trading volume, and the daily difference of two stock market indexes) to build a multifactor FTS fitting model. To evaluate the performance of the proposed model, the three datasets were collected from the Nasdaq Stock Market (NASDAQ), Taiwan Stock Exchange Index (TAIEX), and Hang Seng Index (HSI), and the RMSE (root mean square error) was employed to evaluate the performance of the proposed model. The results show that the proposed model is better than the listing models, and these research findings could provide suggestions to the investors as references.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited