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Symmetry 2019, 11(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11010013

Secretory Structures of Pogostemon auricularius: Morphology, Development, and Histochemistry

1
School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Key Laboratory of Bio-organic Fertilizer Creation, Ministry of Agriculture, Anhui Science and Technology University, Bengbu 233100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 6 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 24 December 2018
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Abstract

Pogostemon auricularius, an aromatic plant in Lamiaceae, has wide application in pharmaceutical preparations. However, little is known about the secretory structures that contain the medicinal compounds. In this study, two kinds of glandular trichome types, including peltate glandular trichomes and short-stalked capitate trichomes, were identified in the leaves and stems by cryo-scanning electron microscope. Oil secretion from the glands contained lipids, flavones, and terpenes, and the progresses of secretion were different in the two glands types. The investigation by transmission electron microscope indicated that the endoplasmic reticulum system and plastids were involved in the biosynthesis of oils in the two glandular trichomes. The vacuoles showed a new role in the oil preparations and storage. The synthesized oil could be transported from the head cell to the sub-cuticular space by different way in the two glands. Comparative analysis of the development, distribution, histochemistry and ultrastructures of the secretory structures in Pogostemon auricularius led us to propose that the two glands may make different contribution to the collection of medicinal compounds. Furthermore, the characteristics of two glands in the secretory stage probably indicated the synthesizing site of metabolite. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pogostemon auricularius; peltate glandular trichomes; short-stalked capitate trichomes Pogostemon auricularius; peltate glandular trichomes; short-stalked capitate trichomes
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Guo, J.; Zhou, C. Secretory Structures of Pogostemon auricularius: Morphology, Development, and Histochemistry. Symmetry 2019, 11, 13.

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