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Open AccessArticle

Mixing Matrix Estimation of Underdetermined Blind Source Separation Based on Data Field and Improved FCM Clustering

College of Information and Communication Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
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Symmetry 2018, 10(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10010021
Received: 3 November 2017 / Revised: 2 January 2018 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
In modern electronic warfare, multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radar has become an important tool for electronic reconnaissance and intelligence transmission because of its anti-stealth, high resolution, low intercept and anti-destruction characteristics. As a common MIMO radar signal, discrete frequency coding waveform (DFCW) has a serious overlap of both time and frequency, so it cannot be directly used in the current radar signal separation problems. The existing fuzzy clustering algorithms have problems in initial value selection, low convergence rate and local extreme values which will lead to the low accuracy of the mixing matrix estimation. Consequently, a novel mixing matrix estimation algorithm based on data field and improved fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering is proposed. First of all, the sparsity and linear clustering characteristics of the time–frequency domain MIMO radar signals are enhanced by using the single-source principal value of complex angular detection. Secondly, the data field uses the potential energy information to analyze the particle distribution, thus design a new clustering number selection scheme. Then the particle swarm optimization algorithm is introduced to improve the iterative clustering process of FCM, and finally get the estimated value of the mixing matrix. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm improves both the estimation accuracy and the robustness of the mixing matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: underdetermined blind source separation; mixing matrix estimation; MIMO radar signals; data field; particle swarm optimization underdetermined blind source separation; mixing matrix estimation; MIMO radar signals; data field; particle swarm optimization
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Guo, Q.; Li, C.; Ruan, G. Mixing Matrix Estimation of Underdetermined Blind Source Separation Based on Data Field and Improved FCM Clustering. Symmetry 2018, 10, 21.

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