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Open AccessArticle

Assessing How Land-Cover Change Associated with Urbanisation Affects Ecological Sustainability in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana

1
Governance & Sustainability Lab., Faculty of Regional & Environmental Sciences, Trier University, Universitätsring 15, 54296 Trier, Germany
2
Department of Planning, Faculty of Planning and Land Management, University for Development Studies, Wa Campus, P.O. Box UPW3, Wa, Upper West Region GH.UW 1331, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(6), 182; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9060182
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 26 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Land Systems and Global Change)
Intensive land-cover changes (LCC) driven by unplanned urbanisation continue to threaten the sustainability of ecological assets in many cities in Africa. Evaluating the nature and processes of these changes is key to understanding the extent to which ecological instability may be affecting sustainability futures. This study employed integrated remote sensing, GIS, land accounting techniques and utilisation of high-resolution Quickbird and Worldview 2 images to analyse actual (2008–2017) and future (2017–2030) LCC and explored implications for ecological sustainability in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. After mapping and classifying actual LCC, multi-layer perception (MLP) neural network and Markov chain were employed to predict future LCC for the year 2030. The results indicate that the built-up area increased substantially from 27% in 2008 to 46% in 2017 and is expected to rise to 73% by 2030. In contrast, open-space (10%), forestlands (5%) and grassland/farmlands (49%) decreased progressively (2008–2030). In effect, these land-cover types experienced area turnover ˃100% during the actual and predicted period, indicating high vulnerability of natural land cover to urban growth, ecological degradation and resource depletion. These findings highlight significant implications of LCC for ecological sustainability in the study area. A proactive land-cover/use management plan is necessary to ensure sustainable urban development and ecological land conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-cover change; ecological sustainability; remote sensing; geographic information system; land accounting; Quickbird and Worldview-2 land-cover change; ecological sustainability; remote sensing; geographic information system; land accounting; Quickbird and Worldview-2
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Akubia, J.E.K.; Ahmed, A.; Bruns, A. Assessing How Land-Cover Change Associated with Urbanisation Affects Ecological Sustainability in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. Land 2020, 9, 182.

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