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Open AccessArticle

50 Years of Environmental Activism in Girona, Catalonia: From Case Advocacy to Regional Planning

1
Geography Department, University of Girona, 17004 Girona, Spain
2
Independent Researcher, 17401 Arbúcies, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(6), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9060172
Received: 19 April 2020 / Revised: 12 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 29 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Landscapes - Challenges and Solutions to Landscape Governance)
Environmental activism, with decades of relevant presence already, is a fundamental element for the preservation of natural and cultural values. Theories around their bases, protagonists, methods, instruments and results proliferate in a period of obliged ecological transition. Here, we present an investigation in the region of Girona (Catalunya, Spain), with the main objective of reflecting on environmental activism and its singular impact on the territorial reality of this area. The specific interest of this case resides in the longevity of the mobilizations (50 years) and the number of cases and actors; for its causes (a territory endowed with a very socialized narrative linking landscape to identity, and subject to multiple and powerful transformative pressures); and for its effective results. Through collaborative research and different data sources, we display map-based results about environmental movements and conflicts, and quantitative results about typologies of movements, conflict triggers, outcomes of the cases, and conversion rate to nature or heritage protection figures. The discussion, and by extension the conclusions, proposes answers to the exceptional nature of the case in the Catalan context, its relationship with NIMBY processes, and the notable incidence of these mobilizations in the landscape quality and land planning of Girona. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental activism; NIMBY; landscape governance; sustainable land planning and management; regional development; Catalonia environmental activism; NIMBY; landscape governance; sustainable land planning and management; regional development; Catalonia
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Nuss-Girona, S.; Vicente Rufí, J.; Canaleta, G. 50 Years of Environmental Activism in Girona, Catalonia: From Case Advocacy to Regional Planning. Land 2020, 9, 172.

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