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Open AccessArticle

Spatial-Temporal Characteristics of Cultivated Land Use Efficiency in Major Function-Oriented Zones: A Case Study of Zhejiang Province, China

1
College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
3
College of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
Land 2020, 9(4), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9040114
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 4 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 10 April 2020
Promoting cultivated land use efficiency (CLUE) coordinated development in various major function-oriented zones is a measure to deal with unbalanced development of territorial space in China. Taking the optimized development, key development, agricultural production, ecological function, and ecological economic zones of Zhejiang province as research objects, this study incorporated agricultural carbon emission into the measurement framework of CLUE and analyzed the regional disparity and the convergence of CLUE from 2008 to 2017, using slack-based measure model (SBM), the Theil index, and convergence theory. The main results are as follows: (1) The CLUE value that considered agricultural carbon emissions was lower than the CLUE value that did not consider agricultural carbon emissions; thus, agricultural carbon emissions had a negative effect on CLUE. (2) The CLUE value of the five major function-oriented zones showed an increasing trend; after ranking the CLUE value, the CLUE of the optimized development zones was the highest, followed by the ecological function, ecological economic, and key development zones, and that of the agricultural production zones was the lowest, indicating significant regional disparity. (3) The overall disparity of CLUE presented an upward trend, and the within-regional disparity is the main source of the overall disparity. (4) Neither σ convergence nor absolute β convergence occurred in the CLUE of the five major function-oriented zones, but conditional β convergence occurred among the optimized development and ecological economic zones. Although the planning of major function-oriented zones reflects the regional disparity and convergence of CLUE to some extent, the CLUE under the control of major function-oriented zones is not consistent with the function positioning. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultivated land use efficiency; agricultural carbon emission; major function-oriented zones; regional disparity; regional convergence cultivated land use efficiency; agricultural carbon emission; major function-oriented zones; regional disparity; regional convergence
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Zhang, C.; Su, Y.; Yang, G.; Chen, D.; Yang, R. Spatial-Temporal Characteristics of Cultivated Land Use Efficiency in Major Function-Oriented Zones: A Case Study of Zhejiang Province, China. Land 2020, 9, 114.

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